Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 875-882

Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University

Authors: Abdullatif Mohammed Alabdulltaif, Abdullah Hisham Kabbani, Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly, Ali Khalil Al-yousef, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alkhateeb, Abdulrahman Saeed Alshamrani, Ahmad Mohammed Alnashmi, Mohammed Amrousy Serih, Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin.

ABSTRACT

Background: Improper antibiotic usage can cause resistance. Causes are multifactorial including prescription by doctors for non-bacterial infections, dispensing by pharmacist without prescription, and not completing patient’s course. Medical students are at a transitional zone between the general population and active practitioners. Good attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors will lead to better practice. In this study, we assessed the attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors of medical students of Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University toward antibiotic usage. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4th, 5th, and 6th year medical students using a self-administrated questionnaire. A total of 245 students completed the questionnaire (123 males and 122 females). The gathered information included sociodemographics (e.g., age, gender, and level of education). The questionnaire included questions related to attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors toward the antibiotic usage. The data were collected between December 2018 and January 2019. The data were analyzed using SPSS. The initial analysis included calculating mean and standard deviation for continuous variables along with frequency and percentages for categorical variables. Results: The study showed that 47.8% of the participants had positive attitudes toward antibiotic usage. About 80% had an average level of behavior toward antibiotic usage. Still, some gaps are present as 7.8% and 4.5% of medical students thought that antibiotics can be used in treating fever and viral infections, respectively. Conclusion: This study showed general proper knowledge and attitudes toward antibiotic usage. However, few gaps of knowledge and partially improper behavior were detected.

Keywords:
Antibiotic usage, attitudes, knowledge, behaviors, Saudi Arabia, medical students


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Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University


Authors
Abdullatif Mohammed Alabdulltaif
Intern Physician at King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Hisham Kabbani
Intern Physician at King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly
Intern Physician at King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Khalil Al-yousef
Intern Physician at King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Abdulrahman Alkhateeb
Intern Physician at King Fahad Hospital of the University, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Saeed Alshamrani
Sixth Year Medical Student at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmad Mohammed Alnashmi
Sixth Year Medical Student at Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Amrousy Serih
Consultant and Assistant Professor of Geriatrics—Internal Medicine Department, King Fahad Hospital of the University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin
Consultant and Lecturer of Geriatrics & Gerontology, School of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
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Correspondence to:
. Abdullatif Mohammed Alabdulltaif, Geriatrics service, Internal Medicine Department, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.; abdullatifalabdullatif1@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 04 Mar 2020
Accepted 16 Apr 2020
Published online 04 May 2020
Published in print 16 May 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alabdulltaif AM, Kabbani AH, Alsomaly YU, Al-yousef AK, Alkhateeb MA, Alshamrani AS, Alnashmi AM, Serih MA, Mohammedin AS. Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


Web Style

Alabdulltaif AM, Kabbani AH, Alsomaly YU, Al-yousef AK, Alkhateeb MA, Alshamrani AS, Alnashmi AM, Serih MA, Mohammedin AS. Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=90552 [Access: June 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alabdulltaif AM, Kabbani AH, Alsomaly YU, Al-yousef AK, Alkhateeb MA, Alshamrani AS, Alnashmi AM, Serih MA, Mohammedin AS. Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alabdulltaif AM, Kabbani AH, Alsomaly YU, Al-yousef AK, Alkhateeb MA, Alshamrani AS, Alnashmi AM, Serih MA, Mohammedin AS. Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. IJMDC. (2020), [cited June 03, 2020]; 4(5): 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


Harvard Style

Alabdulltaif, A. M., Kabbani, . A. H., Alsomaly, . Y. U., Al-yousef, . A. K., Alkhateeb, . M. A., Alshamrani, . A. S., Alnashmi, . A. M., Serih, . M. A. & Mohammedin, . A. S. (2020) Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. IJMDC, 4 (5), 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


Turabian Style

Alabdulltaif, Abdullatif Mohammed, Abdullah Hisham Kabbani, Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly, Ali Khalil Al-yousef, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alkhateeb, Abdulrahman Saeed Alshamrani, Ahmad Mohammed Alnashmi, Mohammed Amrousy Serih, and Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin. 2020. Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


Chicago Style

Alabdulltaif, Abdullatif Mohammed, Abdullah Hisham Kabbani, Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly, Ali Khalil Al-yousef, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alkhateeb, Abdulrahman Saeed Alshamrani, Ahmad Mohammed Alnashmi, Mohammed Amrousy Serih, and Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin. "Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alabdulltaif, Abdullatif Mohammed, Abdullah Hisham Kabbani, Youssuf Uthman Alsomaly, Ali Khalil Al-yousef, Mohammed Abdulrahman Alkhateeb, Abdulrahman Saeed Alshamrani, Ahmad Mohammed Alnashmi, Mohammed Amrousy Serih, and Ahmed Shawky Mohammedin. "Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.5 (2020), 875-882. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alabdulltaif, A. M., Kabbani, . A. H., Alsomaly, . Y. U., Al-yousef, . A. K., Alkhateeb, . M. A., Alshamrani, . A. S., Alnashmi, . A. M., Serih, . M. A. & Mohammedin, . A. S. (2020) Investigating the attitudes, level of knowledge and behaviors of antibiotics usage in a sample of medical students at Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 875-882. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583322481


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