Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 869-874

Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nuzhat Parveen, Razan Alshammari, Hala Alshammari, Taif Alshammari, Sarah Alsamaan, Nasir Ali.

ABSTRACT

Background: Menstrual period is a critical time in the life of females. It influences different daily life aspects; the pain during menstruation is one of the most common complaints in reproductive health and significantly affects the quality of life of the women. Most girls and women have primary dysmenorrhea of varying intensity at some point during their cycle. In some women, the pain is so severe to carry out their usual daily activities, like going to work or school, on 1 to 3 days every month. Exercise is one of the ways to reduce the severity of this pain. The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of aerobic exercises on primary dysmenorrhea among women. Methodology: This is community based cross sectional study, conducted at Hail city, where 302 women were participated in this study. Data were collected by using a self-administered questionnaire which cover different variables, such as: socio-demographic characteristics and other variables related to study objectives. Results: This study indicated that, the age of participants ranged from 21 to 29 years old within the mean of 25 years and SD of 4 years, while the number of aerobic exercises per week ranged from 2 to 4 days per week within mean of 3 days and SD of 1 day, while the degree of menstrual cycle pain severity ranged 2 to 6 points out of ten within the mean of 4 points and SD of 2 points. It also found that the prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 86% among participants and only 46% of participants consider aerobic exercises as a tool to reduce pain during primary dysmenorrhea. Finally, the study showed that there was statistically significant difference between regular aerobic exercises, average of aerobic exercises per week and primary dysmenorrhea. Conclusion: The occurrence of pain during menstrual cycle is very high, and the use of regular aerobic exercises with moderate intensity can reduce or prevent the occurrence of primary dysmenorrhea.

Keywords:
Aerobic exercises, menstrual cycle, primary dysmenorrhea, Hail city, Saudi Arabia


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Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nuzhat Parveen
Assistant Prof Obstetrics Gyne, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Razan Alshammari
Medical Student, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Hala Alshammari
Medical Student, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Taif Alshammari
Medical Student, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Alsamaan
Medical Student, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Nasir Ali
Assistant Professor, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Nuzhat Parveen, Assistant Prof Obstetrics Gyne, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia.; drnparveen@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 04 Mar 2020
Accepted 01 Apr 2020
Published online 16 Apr 2020
Published in print 16 May 2020

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Pubmed Style

Parveen N, Alshammari R, Alshammari H, Alshammari T, Alsamaan S, Ali N. Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


Web Style

Parveen N, Alshammari R, Alshammari H, Alshammari T, Alsamaan S, Ali N. Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=90546 [Access: November 26, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Parveen N, Alshammari R, Alshammari H, Alshammari T, Alsamaan S, Ali N. Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(5): 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Parveen N, Alshammari R, Alshammari H, Alshammari T, Alsamaan S, Ali N. Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 26, 2020]; 4(5): 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


Harvard Style

Parveen, N., Alshammari, . R., Alshammari, . H., Alshammari, . T., Alsamaan, . S. & Ali, . N. (2020) Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (5), 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


Turabian Style

Parveen, Nuzhat, Razan Alshammari, Hala Alshammari, Taif Alshammari, Sarah Alsamaan, and Nasir Ali. 2020. Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


Chicago Style

Parveen, Nuzhat, Razan Alshammari, Hala Alshammari, Taif Alshammari, Sarah Alsamaan, and Nasir Ali. "Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Parveen, Nuzhat, Razan Alshammari, Hala Alshammari, Taif Alshammari, Sarah Alsamaan, and Nasir Ali. "Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.5 (2020), 869-874. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Parveen, N., Alshammari, . R., Alshammari, . H., Alshammari, . T., Alsamaan, . S. & Ali, . N. (2020) Aerobic exercises and its effects on primary dysmenorrhea among women at Hail city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (5), 869-874. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1583320297


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