Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 753-758

Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections

Authors: Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi, Sumayah Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Asmaa Salah Ghmaird, Amal Abdulrahman Alotaibi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Pathogenic organisms are involved in the upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) leading to nasal obstruction, sore throat, tonsillitis, otitis media, common cold, etc. and more prevalent in children. These URTIs may be mild and self-limiting, but the symptoms can cause fever and make children irritable and uncomfortable. To describe the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of parents regarding the use of antibiotics for their children with URTIs in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted in the Tabuk region, Saudi Arabia. Participants (n=350) took part in the study from September 2018 to January 2019 by responding to a questionnaire. Chi-square and t-test were used to compare between dependents and independents variables. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Results: 93% of participants were familiar with antibiotics but only 22% knew that antibiotics are used against bacterial infections. Only 61% of participants were aware of antibiotic resistance and 50% of participants think that most of the URTIs can be treated with antibiotics. About 19% of participants gave antibiotics to the child without consulting any doctor. About 37% of participants did not complete the antibiotic course for their children once the condition improved. Conclusion: There were many misunderstandings regarding the use of antibiotics, following doctorís instructions, time of usage and use of antibiotics without prescription. The study concludes by stating the need for awareness among parents, action against handing antibiotics without prescription and all physicians following a common protocol for managing children with URTIs.

Keywords:
Antibiotics, upper respiratory tract infections, questionnaire, children


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Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections


Authors
Ghadah Abdulrahman Albalawi
Hail University, Al Hail, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sumayah Abdulrahman Alzahrani
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Asmaa Salah Ghmaird
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Abdulrahman Alotaibi
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia.; aghmaird@ut.edu.sa

Publication history
Received 16 Jan 2020
Published in print 26 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Albalawi GA, Alzahrani SA, Ghmaird AS, Alotaibi AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


Web Style

Albalawi GA, Alzahrani SA, Ghmaird AS, Alotaibi AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=82286 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Albalawi GA, Alzahrani SA, Ghmaird AS, Alotaibi AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Albalawi GA, Alzahrani SA, Ghmaird AS, Alotaibi AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


Harvard Style

Albalawi, G. A., Alzahrani, . S. A., Ghmaird, . A. S. & Alotaibi, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. IJMDC, 4 (3), 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


Turabian Style

Albalawi, Ghadah Abdulrahman, Sumayah Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Asmaa Salah Ghmaird, and Amal Abdulrahman Alotaibi. 2020. Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


Chicago Style

Albalawi, Ghadah Abdulrahman, Sumayah Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Asmaa Salah Ghmaird, and Amal Abdulrahman Alotaibi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Albalawi, Ghadah Abdulrahman, Sumayah Abdulrahman Alzahrani, Asmaa Salah Ghmaird, and Amal Abdulrahman Alotaibi. "Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 753-758. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Albalawi, G. A., Alzahrani, . S. A., Ghmaird, . A. S. & Alotaibi, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practices of parents regarding the use of antibiotics among their children with upper respiratory tract infections. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 753-758. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1579174920


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