Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 740-745

Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms

Authors: Sarah Sami Almubarak, Asrar Humaid Alsofyani, AlHababi Zahra Ahmed, Ghaida Saleh Almahboob, Fatimah Adam Alaswad, Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah, Betool Abdullah Alkwitem, Maram Hussain Alfayez.

ABSTRACT

Background: Vaginal discharge is a common gynecological condition among women of childbearing age that frequently requires care. It affects about one-third of all women and half of pregnant women. This study is designed to investigate the prevalence of increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy, its associated symptoms and the doctor diagnosed causes among pregnant women in different areas of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out on pregnant women in different regions of Saudi Arabia, during the period from 1 May to 31 July 2019. Data were collected by using a pre-designed online disseminated questionnaire which includes questions designed to fulfill the study objectives. Risk factors were determined using the X2 test. A p-value of less than 0.05 w as considered as statistically significant. Results: The incidence of increased vaginal discharge among the studied pregnant women was 72.2%. The most common associated symptom reported in our study was itching in 49.2% of cases followed by redness in 48.4%, dysuria in 36%, and swilling in 4.5%. The discharge was colorless in 39.1% of cases, whitish in 32.1%, and yellowish in 28.7%. As regards treatment, 66.3% had medical treatment and improvement occurred in 56%cases, recurrence after treatment occurred in 43.4%. The most common causes were fungal infection in 23.3% of cases, a bacterial infection in 22.6%. Conclusion: The incidence of increased vaginal discharge among the studied pregnant women was 72.2%. The most common causes were fungal infection in 23.3% of cases, a bacterial infection in 22.6%. Therefore, we recommend health education for pregnant women about the importance of treatment of the cases and following the preventive measures to prevent the recurrence.

Keywords:
Increased vaginal discharge, pregnant women, Saudi Arabia


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Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms


Authors
Sarah Sami Almubarak
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Asrar Humaid Alsofyani
King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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AlHababi Zahra Ahmed
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Ghaida Saleh Almahboob
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Fatimah Adam Alaswad
Mansoura University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Betool Abdullah Alkwitem
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Maram Hussain Alfayez
King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah, King Faisal University, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia.; fatma_tth@hotmail.com

Publication history
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Almubarak SS, Alsofyani AH, Ahmed AZ, Almahboob GS, Alaswad FA, AlThkerallah FA, Alkwitem BA, Alfayez MH. Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


Web Style

Almubarak SS, Alsofyani AH, Ahmed AZ, Almahboob GS, Alaswad FA, AlThkerallah FA, Alkwitem BA, Alfayez MH. Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=81887 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almubarak SS, Alsofyani AH, Ahmed AZ, Almahboob GS, Alaswad FA, AlThkerallah FA, Alkwitem BA, Alfayez MH. Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almubarak SS, Alsofyani AH, Ahmed AZ, Almahboob GS, Alaswad FA, AlThkerallah FA, Alkwitem BA, Alfayez MH. Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


Harvard Style

Almubarak, S. S., Alsofyani, . A. H., Ahmed, . A. Z., Almahboob, . G. S., Alaswad, . F. A., AlThkerallah, . F. A., Alkwitem, . B. A. & Alfayez, . M. H. (2020) Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. IJMDC, 4 (3), 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


Turabian Style

Almubarak, Sarah Sami, Asrar Humaid Alsofyani, AlHababi Zahra Ahmed, Ghaida Saleh Almahboob, Fatimah Adam Alaswad, Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah, Betool Abdullah Alkwitem, and Maram Hussain Alfayez. 2020. Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


Chicago Style

Almubarak, Sarah Sami, Asrar Humaid Alsofyani, AlHababi Zahra Ahmed, Ghaida Saleh Almahboob, Fatimah Adam Alaswad, Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah, Betool Abdullah Alkwitem, and Maram Hussain Alfayez. "Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almubarak, Sarah Sami, Asrar Humaid Alsofyani, AlHababi Zahra Ahmed, Ghaida Saleh Almahboob, Fatimah Adam Alaswad, Fatema Abdullah AlThkerallah, Betool Abdullah Alkwitem, and Maram Hussain Alfayez. "Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 740-745. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almubarak, S. S., Alsofyani, . A. H., Ahmed, . A. Z., Almahboob, . G. S., Alaswad, . F. A., AlThkerallah, . F. A., Alkwitem, . B. A. & Alfayez, . M. H. (2020) Increased vaginal discharge during pregnancy: prevalence, causes, and associated symptoms. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 740-745. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578948957


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