Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 711-717

A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim

Authors: Ayoob Mutleb Alnafisah, Turki Khalid Alharbi, Dr.Pramod Punchiri Sadan.

ABSTRACT

Background: Individuals with systemic illness often develop multiple coexisting problems arising from the consumption of medications. In chronic systemic conditions, such as cardiac diseases, respiratory disorders, hypertension and psychiatric illnesses, medications may cause xerostomia which could increase the risk of caries and periodontal diseases. Disabilities due to systemic illness could also affect the ability of the individual to carry out oral hygiene practices and might adversely affect the oral microbial flora. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the association between systemic illness and oral status among Saudi dental patients. Methodology: A retrospective analysis was conducted in the Dental Clinics at Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. All patients aged between 15 and 90 years seeking dental treatment were included. The clinical charts and records of 1,147 patients were collected and analyzed. The oral health status was assessed through the most commonly used indicators, including decayed/missing/filled (DMF) and modified decayed/missing/filled teeth (DMFT) indices, Sillness and Lowe indices for plaque formation and bleeding index were also assessed. Results: The results showed that oral health variables, such as plaque index and bleeding index, were significantly higher with baseline parameters, such as biographic, adverse habits, and systemic health variables. It also showed that the subjects with heart diseases, respiratory diseases, and diabetes had significantly increased DMFT scores. Conclusion: A definite association between systemic illness and oral health status of individuals existed, especially when age was taken into consideration.

Keywords:
Systemic diseases, oral health status, DMF index, plaque index, bleeding index


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A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim


Authors
Ayoob Mutleb Alnafisah
College of dentistry, Qassim University, Burayadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Turki Khalid Alharbi
College of dentistry, Qassim University, Burayadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Dr Pramod Punchiri Sadan
Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, Qassim University, Burayadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ayoob Mutleb Alnafisah, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Burayadh, Saudi Arabia.; ayoub.alnafeesa@qudent.org

Publication history
Received 06 Jan 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alnafisah AM, Alharbi TK, Sadan DP. A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


Web Style

Alnafisah AM, Alharbi TK, Sadan DP. A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=80822 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alnafisah AM, Alharbi TK, Sadan DP. A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alnafisah AM, Alharbi TK, Sadan DP. A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


Harvard Style

Alnafisah, A. M., Alharbi, . T. K. & Sadan, . D. P. (2020) A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. IJMDC, 4 (3), 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


Turabian Style

Alnafisah, Ayoob Mutleb, Turki Khalid Alharbi, and Dr.Pramod Punchiri Sadan. 2020. A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


Chicago Style

Alnafisah, Ayoob Mutleb, Turki Khalid Alharbi, and Dr.Pramod Punchiri Sadan. "A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alnafisah, Ayoob Mutleb, Turki Khalid Alharbi, and Dr.Pramod Punchiri Sadan. "A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 711-717. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alnafisah, A. M., Alharbi, . T. K. & Sadan, . D. P. (2020) A retrospective analysis of the association between systemic illness and oral status among the Saudi Arabian sub population of Qassim. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 711-717. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1578309445


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