Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 461-468

Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes

Authors: Basmah Abdullah Alanazi, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Fahad Ahmed Alhawas, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi, Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan, Sultan Mohammed Alabrah, Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani, Bayan Ali Alatawi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Carbohydrate counting is a meal planning approach used in diabetic patients who focus on carbohydrates as the primary nutrient, affecting postprandial glycemic response. As diabetes mellitus affects the metabolism of carbohydrates, thus patients should monitor carbohydrate intake and eat a heart-healthy diet using nutrition labels. The study aims to test the reliability and validity of Health habits counseling questionnaire (HHCQ) in order to assess the carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy food, and nutrition label reading skills in adults with diabetes, attending the diabetic center, King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the diabetic center, KFMC, from 1st May to 31st December 2016. A total of 178 participants were included in the study using the convenience sampling technique. After translating the questionnaire into Arabic, data were collected by means of a personal interview with the participants. Data were coded and analyzed using the Statistical Packages for the Social Sciences (version 16). Results: Ninety-four (52.8%) participants had type 1 diabetes and 84 (47.2%) had type 2; the average duration of diabetes was 12.6 3.7 years. There was no significant relationship between patients' level of education and the use of carbohydrate counting on a regular basis and diabetes education (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The use of carbohydrate counting on a regular basis was found in only 18% of diabetic patients attending the diabetic center, KFMC, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. This study recommends that health policymakers must conduct more effective health education sessions to increase the knowledge of diabetic patients and their caregivers about HHCQ to assess the carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy food, and nutrition label reading skills.

Keywords:
Reliability and validity, carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, nutrition label reading, diabetics.


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Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes


Authors
Basmah Abdullah Alanazi
Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mashael Jaza Alshammari
Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fahad Ahmed Alhawas
Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Isamme AlFayyad
Research Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi
Endocrine Consultant, Obesity, Endocrine, and Metabolic Center, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan
Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Sultan Mohammed Alabrah
Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani
Intern, Faculty of Medicine, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Bayan Ali Alatawi
Intern, Faculty of Medicine, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Basmah Abdullah Alanazi, Resident, Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia.; dr.bes1994@outlook.sa

Publication history
Received 26 Dec 2019
Accepted 08 Jan 2020
Published online 19 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alanazi BA, Alshammari MJ, Alhawas FA, AlFayyad I, AlMaghamsi A, Alrowaidan AK, Alabrah SM, Alomrani HM, Alatawi BA. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


Web Style

Alanazi BA, Alshammari MJ, Alhawas FA, AlFayyad I, AlMaghamsi A, Alrowaidan AK, Alabrah SM, Alomrani HM, Alatawi BA. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=79481 [Access: February 18, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alanazi BA, Alshammari MJ, Alhawas FA, AlFayyad I, AlMaghamsi A, Alrowaidan AK, Alabrah SM, Alomrani HM, Alatawi BA. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alanazi BA, Alshammari MJ, Alhawas FA, AlFayyad I, AlMaghamsi A, Alrowaidan AK, Alabrah SM, Alomrani HM, Alatawi BA. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. IJMDC. (2020), [cited February 18, 2020]; 4(2): 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


Harvard Style

Alanazi, B. A., Alshammari, . M. J., Alhawas, . F. A., AlFayyad, . I., AlMaghamsi, . A., Alrowaidan, . A. K., Alabrah, . S. M., Alomrani, . H. M. & Alatawi, . B. A. (2020) Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. IJMDC, 4 (2), 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


Turabian Style

Alanazi, Basmah Abdullah, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Fahad Ahmed Alhawas, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi, Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan, Sultan Mohammed Alabrah, Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani, and Bayan Ali Alatawi. 2020. Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


Chicago Style

Alanazi, Basmah Abdullah, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Fahad Ahmed Alhawas, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi, Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan, Sultan Mohammed Alabrah, Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani, and Bayan Ali Alatawi. "Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alanazi, Basmah Abdullah, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Fahad Ahmed Alhawas, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdulrahman AlMaghamsi, Ali Khalaf Alrowaidan, Sultan Mohammed Alabrah, Hadeel Mahmoud Alomrani, and Bayan Ali Alatawi. "Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 461-468. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alanazi, B. A., Alshammari, . M. J., Alhawas, . F. A., AlFayyad, . I., AlMaghamsi, . A., Alrowaidan, . A. K., Alabrah, . S. M., Alomrani, . H. M. & Alatawi, . B. A. (2020) Reliability and validity of an Arabic version of a questionnaire to assess carbohydrate counting skills, knowledge of heart-healthy foods, and nutrition label-reading skills in adults with diabetes. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 461-468. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1577364150


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