IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 547-554

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature

Authors: Tarig Fadelelmoula.

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy has been around since the 1970s and has completely changed how critical physicians view supportive therapy patient's care. ECMO provides cardio-respiratory support when other therapies fail. In ECMO, different arrangements of cannulae shunt blood to circulate through the machine, and hence oxygenated outside the body. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation configurations can be simple like Veno-venous and Arteriovenous venous or complex like hybrid cannulation modes and Venopulmonary artery configurations. ECMO is a lifesaving therapy but it is not without complications, patients' selection should be careful, and monitoring during the treatment is crucial. This review paper focuses on the definition, principles, types, and practical applications of ECMO therapy.

Keywords:
Acute respiratory distress syndrome, cardiogenic shock, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, hybrid, cannulation, membrane lung, venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, clinical outcomes


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Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature


Authors
Tarig Fadelelmoula
Department of Respiratory Care, College of Applied Sciences, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Tariq Fadelelmoula Department of Respiratory Care, College of Applied Sciences, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; eltarig70@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 14 Dec 2019
Accepted 09 Feb 2020
Published online 18 Feb 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


Web Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=78001 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


Harvard Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula (2020) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. IJMDC, 4 (3), 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


Turabian Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. 2020. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


Chicago Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. "Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula. "Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 547-554. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tarig Fadelelmoula (2020) Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy in adult patients: a narrative review of literature. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 547-554. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1576331607


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