Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 660-667

A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah

Authors: Anwar Abdullah Alhazmi, Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi, Rayan Abdulrahman Alhazmi, Abdullah Mohammed Alzahrani, Nehal Khalid Damanhouri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypothyroid disorder is a major public health problem. There is a high rate of thyroid disorders within the Saudi population. This study aimed to describe and evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of adult Saudi patients regarding hypothyroidism. Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted over 2 months (September-October 2018) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Adult Saudi patients with hypothyroidism, aged 18 years or more, living in Makkah, were invited to participate in this study. Data were entered, coded, and processed using Microsoft Excel and the software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 23). Results: The present study included 177 participants; most of the patients had low levels of knowledge (69.5%), some of them were quite concerned (51.6%), and 74.0% of the participants practiced a moderate level of a safety measure. The low level of knowledge was more significant in males (p = 0.032). In addition, the age was a significant factor, particularly the age group older than 45 associated with the low level of knowledge (p = 0.009), the extreme level of concern (p = 0.044), and a moderate level of practice (p ≤ 0.013). Conclusions: Most of the Saudi patients with hypothyroidism had low levels of knowledge regarding their condition and were quite concerned and practiced a moderate level of a safety measure. The low level of knowledge was more significant in males. Furthermore, health education efforts should be directed toward improving Saudi general populations' knowledge, attitude, and practice about the hypothyroid disorder.

Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, hypothyroidism, Makkah


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A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah


Authors
Anwar Abdullah Alhazmi
Medical Intern, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi
Medical Intern, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Rayan Abdulrahman Alhazmi
Medical Intern, King Abdulaziz University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdullah Mohammed Alzahrani
Medical Intern, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Nehal Khalid Damanhouri
Family Medicine Consultant, Alnwariah Center, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi, Medical Intern, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; Basil.a.Alkhaldi@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 09 Dec 2019
Accepted 14 Jan 2020
Published online 14 Jan 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alhazmi AA, Alkhaldi BA, Alhazmi RA, Alzahrani AM, Damanhouri NK. A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


Web Style

Alhazmi AA, Alkhaldi BA, Alhazmi RA, Alzahrani AM, Damanhouri NK. A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77351 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhazmi AA, Alkhaldi BA, Alhazmi RA, Alzahrani AM, Damanhouri NK. A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhazmi AA, Alkhaldi BA, Alhazmi RA, Alzahrani AM, Damanhouri NK. A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


Harvard Style

Alhazmi, A. A., Alkhaldi, . B. A., Alhazmi, . R. A., Alzahrani, . A. M. & Damanhouri, . N. K. (2020) A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. IJMDC, 4 (3), 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


Turabian Style

Alhazmi, Anwar Abdullah, Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi, Rayan Abdulrahman Alhazmi, Abdullah Mohammed Alzahrani, and Nehal Khalid Damanhouri. 2020. A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


Chicago Style

Alhazmi, Anwar Abdullah, Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi, Rayan Abdulrahman Alhazmi, Abdullah Mohammed Alzahrani, and Nehal Khalid Damanhouri. "A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhazmi, Anwar Abdullah, Basil Abdulaziz Alkhaldi, Rayan Abdulrahman Alhazmi, Abdullah Mohammed Alzahrani, and Nehal Khalid Damanhouri. "A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 660-667. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhazmi, A. A., Alkhaldi, . B. A., Alhazmi, . R. A., Alzahrani, . A. M. & Damanhouri, . N. K. (2020) A cross-sectional study to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice among Saudi patients with hypothyroidism in Makkah. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 660-667. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575930154


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