Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 652-659

Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Alshehri Shaker, Alaa Abdulrhman Almazzah, Arwa Hassan Asiri, Mohammed Saad Alamri, Mohammed Ali M. AlQahtani, Maram Ali Abdullah Al-Mteer, Mona Hassan M. Alkhayri, Zainab Sultan Alamri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Surgeons are more exposed to long-standing and hard work which results in pain development, especially the musculoskeletal (MS) pain that interferes with the performance of their job. Accordingly, this study aims to estimate the prevalence of MS pain and to find out the pattern of MS pain among surgeons. Moreover, it aims to identify the determinants of MS pain among surgeons and define the effects of MS pain on surgeons' daily life and career. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in the governmental hospitals in Abha and Khamis Mushet city, Saudi Arabia. A minimum sample of 150 surgeons was required to estimate the expected prevalence of MS pain among surgeon staff. The data were collected using the visual analog scale and structured interview questionnaire and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Results: The data were collected from 225 surgeons. About 48% reported that they experienced pain caused due to the long time taken in wearing a lead apron. Nearly 50% reported back pain as the most repeated pain occurred due to the operations involving the long duration of neck flexion, bending and twisting and lifting transport, and positioning the patients as the main causes. The most common reported symptoms included pain among 32.9% and fatigue among 20% of the subjects. Among all the tested determinants, only profession, years of work, and time of wearing lead apron were correlated with the degree of pain. Conclusion: The study concluded that MS pain was mainly caused by the long duration of neck flexion, and it commonly occurs in the back with pain and fatigue as main symptoms. The study defined the profession, years of work, and time of wearing a lead apron as the determinants of the degree of pain.

Keywords:
Musculoskeletal pain, Saudi Arabia, determinants, surgeons


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Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Alshehri Shaker
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alaa Abdulrhman Almazzah
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Arwa Hassan Asiri
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Saad Alamri
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Ali M AlQahtani
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Maram Ali Abdullah Al-Mteer
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Mona Hassan M Alkhayri
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Zainab Sultan Alamri
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia; z.alamri4@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 09 Dec 2019
Accepted 18 Jan 2020
Published online 18 Jan 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Shaker A, Almazzah AA, Asiri AH, Alamri MS, AlQahtani MAM, Al-Mteer MAA, Alkhayri MHM, Alamri ZS. Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


Web Style

Shaker A, Almazzah AA, Asiri AH, Alamri MS, AlQahtani MAM, Al-Mteer MAA, Alkhayri MHM, Alamri ZS. Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77327 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shaker A, Almazzah AA, Asiri AH, Alamri MS, AlQahtani MAM, Al-Mteer MAA, Alkhayri MHM, Alamri ZS. Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shaker A, Almazzah AA, Asiri AH, Alamri MS, AlQahtani MAM, Al-Mteer MAA, Alkhayri MHM, Alamri ZS. Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


Harvard Style

Shaker, A., Almazzah, . A. A., Asiri, . A. H., Alamri, . M. S., AlQahtani, . M. A. M., Al-Mteer, . M. A. A., Alkhayri, . M. H. M. & Alamri, . Z. S. (2020) Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (3), 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


Turabian Style

Shaker, Alshehri, Alaa Abdulrhman Almazzah, Arwa Hassan Asiri, Mohammed Saad Alamri, Mohammed Ali M. AlQahtani, Maram Ali Abdullah Al-Mteer, Mona Hassan M. Alkhayri, and Zainab Sultan Alamri. 2020. Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


Chicago Style

Shaker, Alshehri, Alaa Abdulrhman Almazzah, Arwa Hassan Asiri, Mohammed Saad Alamri, Mohammed Ali M. AlQahtani, Maram Ali Abdullah Al-Mteer, Mona Hassan M. Alkhayri, and Zainab Sultan Alamri. "Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shaker, Alshehri, Alaa Abdulrhman Almazzah, Arwa Hassan Asiri, Mohammed Saad Alamri, Mohammed Ali M. AlQahtani, Maram Ali Abdullah Al-Mteer, Mona Hassan M. Alkhayri, and Zainab Sultan Alamri. "Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 652-659. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shaker, A., Almazzah, . A. A., Asiri, . A. H., Alamri, . M. S., AlQahtani, . M. A. M., Al-Mteer, . M. A. A., Alkhayri, . M. H. M. & Alamri, . Z. S. (2020) Pattern and determinants of musculoskeletal pain among surgeons in Abha and Khamis Mushet City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 652-659. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575918196


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