Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 378-382

The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression

Authors: Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed Shukr, Amany Ali Alghamdi, Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari, Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid, Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan, Ahmad Saleh Alshiha, Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah.

ABSTRACT

Background: Depression is one of the major health problems faced by the elderly today. The prevalence of this disorder has increased significantly and currently affects approximately 12%-25% of the elderly population. Depression is characterized by a core group of signs and symptoms, including despondent mood, social withdrawal, and loss of interest in usual activities, weight loss or gain, disturbance in sleeping pattern, low energy, and a state of hopelessness. Methodology: The current study addressed the relationship between self-reported physical activity and symptoms of depression in 500 men and women aged 35-year old, who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria for a major depressive episode. The sample included individuals, either married, divorced, single, or widow. Results: Out of 500 participants, 60% were males and 40% were females. Regarding social status, the high percentage was divorced participants (n = 160, 32%), followed by married (n = 150, 30%). Among the participants, 26% were single, and a little number of participants were widows (n = 60, 12%). Analysis of the unadjusted regression showed a significant relationship between self-reported physical activity and depression (p = 0.04). Also, self-reported physical activity remained a statistically significant predictor of depression after age and gender adjustment. Conclusion: Our findings underlined the importance of increasing activity levels among the least active young people. Participation in sports provides an additional benefit over activity alone. Physical activity and sports participation in children, adolescents, and adults, based on mental as well as physical health, are recommended.

Keywords:
Association, physical activity, symptoms, depression


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The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression


Authors
Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed Shukr
General Practitioner, Bab Almajeedi Seasonal Health Center, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Amany Ali Alghamdi
Resident, Preventive Medicine, King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari
General Practitioner Andalusia Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid
General Practitioner, Security Forces Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan
General Practitioner, Shamyat Asfan Primary Health Care, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmad Saleh Alshiha
General Practitioner, Erwa Primary Health Care Center, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah
General Practitioner, Buridah Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed Shukr,General Practitioner, Bab Almajeedi Seasonal Health Center, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; dr-abdulrhman.shukr@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Dec 2019
Accepted 22 Dec 2019
Published online 06 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Shukr ARAM, Alghamdi AA, Alaghbari SGA, Alzaid ZA, Alolyan MA, Alshiha AS, Aloudah AAA. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


Web Style

Shukr ARAM, Alghamdi AA, Alaghbari SGA, Alzaid ZA, Alolyan MA, Alshiha AS, Aloudah AAA. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=77060 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Shukr ARAM, Alghamdi AA, Alaghbari SGA, Alzaid ZA, Alolyan MA, Alshiha AS, Aloudah AAA. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Shukr ARAM, Alghamdi AA, Alaghbari SGA, Alzaid ZA, Alolyan MA, Alshiha AS, Aloudah AAA. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(2): 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


Harvard Style

Shukr, A. R. A. M., Alghamdi, . A. A., Alaghbari, . S. G. A., Alzaid, . Z. A., Alolyan, . M. A., Alshiha, . A. S. & Aloudah, . A. A. A. (2020) The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. IJMDC, 4 (2), 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


Turabian Style

Shukr, Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed, Amany Ali Alghamdi, Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari, Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid, Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan, Ahmad Saleh Alshiha, and Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah. 2020. The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


Chicago Style

Shukr, Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed, Amany Ali Alghamdi, Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari, Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid, Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan, Ahmad Saleh Alshiha, and Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah. "The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Shukr, Abdul Rahman Ali Mohammed, Amany Ali Alghamdi, Shatha Gamal AbdulQader Alaghbari, Ziad AbdulAziz Alzaid, Meshal AbdulHameed Alolyan, Ahmad Saleh Alshiha, and Abdulrahman Ali Abdullah Aloudah. "The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 378-382. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Shukr, A. R. A. M., Alghamdi, . A. A., Alaghbari, . S. G. A., Alzaid, . Z. A., Alolyan, . M. A., Alshiha, . A. S. & Aloudah, . A. A. A. (2020) The association between physical activity and symptoms of depression. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 378-382. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575757263


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