Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 370-373

Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali Alghamdi, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, Arwa Abduallah Zabran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is common in Saudi Arabia, and its prevalence is rising, yet it remains inadequately controlled. Few studies could characterize the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups. Therefore, the present study aimed to estimate the proportion of adults with hypertension who have been screened and to determine the status of hypertension awareness of the general adult population in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 1,000 adults who were 18-year old and above, during a period of 3 months (May to August 2019) to explore the awareness regarding risk factors, management, preventions of hypertension complications among the Saudi population. Data were collected by a previously standardized structured questionnaire with closed-end questions. Results: Out of the total participants, more than half were males (57.4%) and most of them (81%) resided in the urban areas. The results indicate a higher level of hypertension awareness among males and rural participants. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of hypertension among males was reported, who were young adults less than 35-year old, having normal body mass index, and were urban residents. The awareness level was higher among males and rural participants than females and urban ones.

Keywords:
Hypertension, prevalence, awareness, screening, Saudi Arabia


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Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali Alghamdi
Medical Intern, Albaha university, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
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Seham Matar Alotaibi
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makah, Saudi Arabia
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Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani
Medical Intern, Albaha university, Albaha, Saudi Arabia
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Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari
Medical Intern, Majmaah university, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Masoud Basheer O Alshammari
Urology Resident, King Fahad Hospital of University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
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Arwa Abduallah Zabran
Medical Intern, King Fahad University Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali Alghamdi, Medical Intern, Albaha University, Albaha, Saudi Arabia.; drabdulmohsin@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Dec 2019
Accepted 16 Dec 2019
Published online 03 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alghamdi AAA, Alotaibi SM, Alzahrani ZES, Alnahari FNA, Alshammari MBO, Zabran AA. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


Web Style

Alghamdi AAA, Alotaibi SM, Alzahrani ZES, Alnahari FNA, Alshammari MBO, Zabran AA. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=76889 [Access: February 18, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alghamdi AAA, Alotaibi SM, Alzahrani ZES, Alnahari FNA, Alshammari MBO, Zabran AA. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alghamdi AAA, Alotaibi SM, Alzahrani ZES, Alnahari FNA, Alshammari MBO, Zabran AA. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited February 18, 2020]; 4(2): 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


Harvard Style

Alghamdi, A. A. A., Alotaibi, . S. M., Alzahrani, . Z. E. S., Alnahari, . F. N. A., Alshammari, . M. B. O. & Zabran, . A. A. (2020) Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (2), 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


Turabian Style

Alghamdi, Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, and Arwa Abduallah Zabran. 2020. Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


Chicago Style

Alghamdi, Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, and Arwa Abduallah Zabran. "Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alghamdi, Abdulmohsin Ahmed Ali, Seham Matar Alotaibi, Ziad Eidhah Sharaf Alzahrani, Fahad Nasser Ali Alnahari, Masoud Basheer O. Alshammari, and Arwa Abduallah Zabran. "Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 370-373. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alghamdi, A. A. A., Alotaibi, . S. M., Alzahrani, . Z. E. S., Alnahari, . F. N. A., Alshammari, . M. B. O. & Zabran, . A. A. (2020) Hypertension screening, prevalence, and awareness in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 370-373. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575639343


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