Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 352-357

The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Waleed E. Almalki, Hazim A. Alzhoufui, Moath A. Altwaijry, Abdulrahman M. Dad, Owais K. Khoshhal.

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy in males and the second most common malignancy in females worldwide. This study aims at planning targeted educational programs to raise the awareness of CRC and its risk factors, through assessing the knowledge about CRC and its risk factors in the population of Madinah, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in Madinah, Saudi Arabia involving study subjects approached by a 25 multiple-choice question-survey about CRC. The results were analyzed according to demographic data to determine the different levels of knowledge and associated risk factors. Results: Among the total of 385 study participants, more than half of them were males, 18-29 years old subjects constituted 44.2% and undergraduates constituted 54%. Regarding the knowledge score, the highest score by the participants was 8, and 53.4% of them were with a score of 2-3. At least 64.3% of the participant had two or three risk factors for CRC. The most common risk factor found was eating red meat with 61.5%. Conclusion: Overall, the knowledge about CRC in Madinah was found poor. The higher the education level and income, the higher was the knowledge regarding CRC among the study subjects. With the increase in financial income and education level, there was a decrease in the number of CRC risk factors, the opposite was found in relation to age.

Keywords:
Colorectal cancer, awareness, risk factors, Madinah


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The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Waleed E Almalki
Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hazim A Alzhoufui
Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Moath A Altwaijry
Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman M Dad
Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Owais K Khoshhal
Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Waleed E. Almalki, Taibah University, College of Medicine, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.; wm1416@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 04 Dec 2019
Accepted 21 Dec 2019
Published online 04 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Almalki WE, Alzhoufui HA, Altwaijry MA, Dad AM, Khoshhal OK. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


Web Style

Almalki WE, Alzhoufui HA, Altwaijry MA, Dad AM, Khoshhal OK. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=76637 [Access: February 18, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almalki WE, Alzhoufui HA, Altwaijry MA, Dad AM, Khoshhal OK. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almalki WE, Alzhoufui HA, Altwaijry MA, Dad AM, Khoshhal OK. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited February 18, 2020]; 4(2): 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


Harvard Style

Almalki, W. E., Alzhoufui, . H. A., Altwaijry, . M. A., Dad, . A. M. & Khoshhal, . O. K. (2020) The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (2), 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


Turabian Style

Almalki, Waleed E., Hazim A. Alzhoufui, Moath A. Altwaijry, Abdulrahman M. Dad, and Owais K. Khoshhal. 2020. The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


Chicago Style

Almalki, Waleed E., Hazim A. Alzhoufui, Moath A. Altwaijry, Abdulrahman M. Dad, and Owais K. Khoshhal. "The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almalki, Waleed E., Hazim A. Alzhoufui, Moath A. Altwaijry, Abdulrahman M. Dad, and Owais K. Khoshhal. "The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 352-357. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almalki, W. E., Alzhoufui, . H. A., Altwaijry, . M. A., Dad, . A. M. & Khoshhal, . O. K. (2020) The Awareness of colorectal cancer and its risk factors in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 352-357. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575486671


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