Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 325-330

Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Yagoub Alyami, Khames Alzahrani, Amal Masmali, Alaa Abulaban, Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji, Wafa Hussain Faqehi, Elham Alqahtani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental fear (DF) is a normal emotional reaction to one or more specific threatening stimuli within the dental situation. Dental phobia represents a severe type of dental anxiety (DA) and is characterized by persistent anxiety in relation to either discernible situations/objects (e.g., drilling and injections) or dental situations in general. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of DF and anxiety and the most common causes of dental phobia among the public. Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive survey, based on a structured questionnaire, conducted in hospitals, malls, and dental clinics. Social media outlets were also used to collect the responses. The questionnaire also included demographic features, such as age, gender, and specialty. The collected data were statistically analyzed with descriptive statistics and Pearson chi-square test (p < 0.05), using SPSS Version 23. Results: The study included 456 participants; the age of the participants varied from 15 to 60 years (M = 28.8,SD = 8.44). Among the participants, 166 (36.4%) suffered from dental phobia, 120 (26.3%) may be suffered from dental phobia, while 171 (37.4%) had no experience of dental phobia. Most of the reasons of DA were fear of pain (35.86%), prior negative experiences (13.4%), dental anesthetics injection (16.66%), sound of teeth drilling (14.85%), condition of teeth and mouth (6.52%), (5.07%) all the reasons mentioned and (7.60%) other causes, such as infection control and dentist skills. Conclusion: Dental phobia and anxiety among some Saudi Arabian dentists and the public population, usually result in the postponement of routine dental care and adversely affect the patients' oral health.

Keywords:
Dentophobia, dental anxiety, dental visit


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Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Yagoub Alyami
Oral and maxillofacial surgery department, Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Khames Alzahrani
Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Amal Masmali
College of Dentistry, Jazan Universty, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Alaa Abulaban
Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji
College of Dentistry, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA)-6 October, Egypt
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Wafa Hussain Faqehi
College of Dentistry, Jazan Universty, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
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Elham Alqahtani
Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Khames Alzahrani, Alfarabi Private College for Dentistry and Nursing, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.; dr.khames.alzahrani@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 01 Dec 2019
Accepted 05 Jan 2020
Published online 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alyami Y, Alzahrani K, Masmali A, Abulaban A, Qahwaji JA, Faqehi WH, Alqahtani E. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


Web Style

Alyami Y, Alzahrani K, Masmali A, Abulaban A, Qahwaji JA, Faqehi WH, Alqahtani E. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=76142 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alyami Y, Alzahrani K, Masmali A, Abulaban A, Qahwaji JA, Faqehi WH, Alqahtani E. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alyami Y, Alzahrani K, Masmali A, Abulaban A, Qahwaji JA, Faqehi WH, Alqahtani E. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


Harvard Style

Alyami, Y., Alzahrani, . K., Masmali, . A., Abulaban, . A., Qahwaji, . J. A., Faqehi, . W. H. & Alqahtani, . E. (2020) Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


Turabian Style

Alyami, Yagoub, Khames Alzahrani, Amal Masmali, Alaa Abulaban, Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji, Wafa Hussain Faqehi, and Elham Alqahtani. 2020. Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


Chicago Style

Alyami, Yagoub, Khames Alzahrani, Amal Masmali, Alaa Abulaban, Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji, Wafa Hussain Faqehi, and Elham Alqahtani. "Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alyami, Yagoub, Khames Alzahrani, Amal Masmali, Alaa Abulaban, Jameel Abdullah Qahwaji, Wafa Hussain Faqehi, and Elham Alqahtani. "Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 325-330. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alyami, Y., Alzahrani, . K., Masmali, . A., Abulaban, . A., Qahwaji, . J. A., Faqehi, . W. H. & Alqahtani, . E. (2020) Dental anxiety & phobia: prevalence and most frequent causes among dentists and public in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 325-330. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1575237865


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