Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 629-634

Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Waleed Alsowayan, Ahad Mesfer Halzaa, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli, Ghusoon Fathi Al-Moaibed, Maram Saidan Saad Alharbi, Afnan Abdulraheem Ali.

ABSTRACT

Background: Inappropriate and excessive use of antibiotics is associated with an increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance. The present study investigated the role of knowledge and use of antibiotics toward Upper Respiratory Tract Infections (URTIs) across the population of Saudi Arabia under the general objective of understanding the knowledge, attitude, and practice toward antibiotics use in respiratory tract infections among adult Saudi population, Saudi Arabia, 2018-2019. Methodology: A randomized cross-sectional study was conducted among the adult Saudi population. Data were gathered by using specific designed electronic questionnaires translated to Arabic with close-ended multiple- choice questions to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice toward antibiotics use in respiratory tract infection. The final sample size was 725. The questionnaire was divided into two key parts. The analysis was carried out using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 25, where significance was allowed at a 5% level. Results: Among the study subjects, 13.1% were smokers, while the rest were non-smokers. More than 90% of the study respondents claimed to have some background information about antibiotics. A higher proportion of males reported being affected by the respiratory disease at least once as compared to the proportion of females. Laryngitis was the most common type of URTI at 59%. There was no significant association between knowledge that antibiotics cure bacterial infections, and the criteria used to stop using antibiotics (p-value > 0.05). Conclusion: The knowledge about antibiotics could be considered misleading among the Saudi population due to the high number of respondents with misconceptions about the antibiotics being the cure for the viral disease when to stop using antibiotics, and unprofessional prescription of anti-biotic in curing URTIs.

Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, antibiotic use, upper respiratory tract infections


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Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Waleed Alsowayan
Department of Medicine, Security Forces Hospital Program, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ahad Mesfer Halzaa
Medical Intern, Najran University, Najran, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Ali Alatwi
Medical Intern, Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli
Medical Intern, Alfarabi College, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ghusoon Fathi Al-Moaibed
King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
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Maram Saidan Saad Alharbi
Medical Intern, Alfarabi College, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Afnan Abdulraheem Ali
Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ahad Mesfer, Najran University, Najran , Saudi Arabia.; ahadmessver_994@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 28 Nov 2019
Accepted 31 Dec 2019
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alsowayan W, Halzaa AM, Alatwi SA, Alokayli ANH, Al-Moaibed GF, Alharbi MSS, Ali AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


Web Style

Alsowayan W, Halzaa AM, Alatwi SA, Alokayli ANH, Al-Moaibed GF, Alharbi MSS, Ali AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=75765 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsowayan W, Halzaa AM, Alatwi SA, Alokayli ANH, Al-Moaibed GF, Alharbi MSS, Ali AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsowayan W, Halzaa AM, Alatwi SA, Alokayli ANH, Al-Moaibed GF, Alharbi MSS, Ali AA. Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


Harvard Style

Alsowayan, W., Halzaa, . A. M., Alatwi, . S. A., Alokayli, . A. N. H., Al-Moaibed, . G. F., Alharbi, . M. S. S. & Ali, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (3), 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


Turabian Style

Alsowayan, Waleed, Ahad Mesfer Halzaa, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli, Ghusoon Fathi Al-Moaibed, Maram Saidan Saad Alharbi, and Afnan Abdulraheem Ali. 2020. Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


Chicago Style

Alsowayan, Waleed, Ahad Mesfer Halzaa, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli, Ghusoon Fathi Al-Moaibed, Maram Saidan Saad Alharbi, and Afnan Abdulraheem Ali. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsowayan, Waleed, Ahad Mesfer Halzaa, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Afaf Nasser Hamoud Alokayli, Ghusoon Fathi Al-Moaibed, Maram Saidan Saad Alharbi, and Afnan Abdulraheem Ali. "Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 629-634. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsowayan, W., Halzaa, . A. M., Alatwi, . S. A., Alokayli, . A. N. H., Al-Moaibed, . G. F., Alharbi, . M. S. S. & Ali, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge, attitude, and practice in regards to antibiotic use in upper respiratory tract infections among the general population in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 629-634. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574924783


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