Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 201-205

The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Khalid Abdullah Abualnassr, Saeed Saleh Alammari, Burooj Ahmed Abuessa, Sarah Mohammed Aljohani, Raneem Ahmed Faidh, Rayan Kamal Alhussini.

ABSTRACT

Background: Epistaxis is classified as an acute bleeding of nose, nasal cavity, or nasopharynx. Notably, the large number of epistaxis cases attribute to the nasal septum bleeding. This study aimed to determine the incidence of Epistaxis in Al Madina, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study design conducted at Al Madina, Saudi Arabia. We reviewed the files of Epistaxis patients in Ohud and National Guard Hospital in Al Madina for a 1-year period (2018-2019). A structural questionnaire was used to determine the incidence of epistaxis, the common risk factors associated with epistaxis patients, and the different ways of management of epistaxis. All data analyses were carried using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 21 (SPSS, Chicago, IL). Results: The incidence of epistaxis was higher in elderly patients (36.5%) having 65 years of age and above. The most common comorbidities attributed to epistaxis was hypertension (43.2%). Most Epistaxis cases were being managed at the Emergency Room (ER) (84.5%). In 1-year period (2018-2019), higher incidence of epistaxis was recorded during April 2019 (15.5%) and March 2019 (14.9%). Conclusion: The incidence of epistaxis among elderly people was moderately high, while hypertension was the most common risk factor among these patients. Additionally, the ER was the most common location to manage the epistaxis.

Keywords:
Incidence, risk factor, epistaxis, elderly


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The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Khalid Abdullah Abualnassr
General Physician, Ohud Hospital, Madina, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saeed Saleh Alammari
Medical Intern, Taibah University, Madina, Saudi Arabia
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Burooj Ahmed Abuessa
Medical Intern, Taibah University, Madina, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Mohammed Aljohani
Medical intern, Madina, Saudi Arabia
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Raneem Ahmed Faidh
Medical intern, Madina, Saudi Arabia
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Rayan Kamal Alhussini
ENT Consultant, Ohud Hospital, Madina, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Khalid Abdullah Abualnassr, General physician, Ohud Hospital, Madina, Saudi Arabia.; Dr.khalidabualnassr94@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 24 Nov 2019
Accepted 10 Dec 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Abualnassr KA, Alammari SS, Abuessa BA, Aljohani SM, Faidh RA, Alhussini RK. The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


Web Style

Abualnassr KA, Alammari SS, Abuessa BA, Aljohani SM, Faidh RA, Alhussini RK. The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=75178 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abualnassr KA, Alammari SS, Abuessa BA, Aljohani SM, Faidh RA, Alhussini RK. The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abualnassr KA, Alammari SS, Abuessa BA, Aljohani SM, Faidh RA, Alhussini RK. The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(1): 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


Harvard Style

Abualnassr, K. A., Alammari, . S. S., Abuessa, . B. A., Aljohani, . S. M., Faidh, . R. A. & Alhussini, . R. K. (2020) The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


Turabian Style

Abualnassr, Khalid Abdullah, Saeed Saleh Alammari, Burooj Ahmed Abuessa, Sarah Mohammed Aljohani, Raneem Ahmed Faidh, and Rayan Kamal Alhussini. 2020. The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


Chicago Style

Abualnassr, Khalid Abdullah, Saeed Saleh Alammari, Burooj Ahmed Abuessa, Sarah Mohammed Aljohani, Raneem Ahmed Faidh, and Rayan Kamal Alhussini. "The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abualnassr, Khalid Abdullah, Saeed Saleh Alammari, Burooj Ahmed Abuessa, Sarah Mohammed Aljohani, Raneem Ahmed Faidh, and Rayan Kamal Alhussini. "The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 201-205. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abualnassr, K. A., Alammari, . S. S., Abuessa, . B. A., Aljohani, . S. M., Faidh, . R. A. & Alhussini, . R. K. (2020) The incidence, risk factors and management of epistaxis in elderly in Madina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 201-205. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574637345


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