Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 196-200

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Waseem M. Hajjar, Sami A. Alnassar, Rahaf Altwijri, Amani Alsulami, Dalal Alshagha, Ghaida Alawaji, Najla Alotaibi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) occurs with no apparent lung disease, while secondary spontaneous pneumothorax occurs mostly as a complication of underlying lung diseases. The current study was aimed to study the presenting features of PSP patients, including demographics [gender, age, smoking, height and weight, and body mass index (BMI)], symptoms, and seasonality among adult patients in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) during the period from 2010 to 2016. Methodology: A quantitative, observational, retrospective, case-series study was conducted among 132 patients who were diagnosed with PSP disease from January 2010 to December 2016 at KKUH, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was studied. Data were collected by reviewing the transfer sheet case report form, and by reviewing variables in the medical records of PSP patients. Results: The mean age was 24.62 with standard deviation (SD) 8.8-year old. Among the total, 88.6% of patients were males (11.4% females). Furthermore, 59.8% were smokers and 40.2% were a non-smoker. BMI average was 19.4 kg/m2. The season of the attack was more in spring and summer accounting a 29.6% for each. Also, 90.9% of the patients were treated surgically. The average duration of hospital stay after surgical management was 6.45 days (SD 3.15), recurrence after surgical management was (4.1%). Conclusion: Based on the present case series study, the majority of PSP patients were male, of the young age group, with a low BMI. Most of the admissions occurred during the warm climate (spring/summer). Furthermore, short hospital stays and low state of recurrence were noted among the patients who were treated surgically.

Keywords:
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax, variables, seasonality, recurrence


View PDF
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Waseem M Hajjar
Department of Thoracic Surgery, College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sami A Alnassar
Department of Thoracic Surgery, College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Altwijri
College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amani Alsulami
College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Dalal Alshagha
College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghaida Alawaji
College Of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Najla Alotaibi

PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Waseem Hajjar, MD, MS, FRCS, FCCP, Associate Professor and Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, Department of Thoracic Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; washajjar@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 27 Nov 2019
Accepted 07 Dec 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Hajjar WM, Alnassar SA, Altwijri R, Alsulami A, Alshagha D, Alawaji G, Alotaibi N. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Web Style

Hajjar WM, Alnassar SA, Altwijri R, Alsulami A, Alshagha D, Alawaji G, Alotaibi N. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=74711 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hajjar WM, Alnassar SA, Altwijri R, Alsulami A, Alshagha D, Alawaji G, Alotaibi N. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hajjar WM, Alnassar SA, Altwijri R, Alsulami A, Alshagha D, Alawaji G, Alotaibi N. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(1): 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Harvard Style

Hajjar, W. M., Alnassar, . S. A., Altwijri, . R., Alsulami, . A., Alshagha, . D., Alawaji, . G. & Alotaibi, . N. (2020) Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Turabian Style

Hajjar, Waseem M., Sami A. Alnassar, Rahaf Altwijri, Amani Alsulami, Dalal Alshagha, Ghaida Alawaji, and Najla Alotaibi. 2020. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Chicago Style

Hajjar, Waseem M., Sami A. Alnassar, Rahaf Altwijri, Amani Alsulami, Dalal Alshagha, Ghaida Alawaji, and Najla Alotaibi. "Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hajjar, Waseem M., Sami A. Alnassar, Rahaf Altwijri, Amani Alsulami, Dalal Alshagha, Ghaida Alawaji, and Najla Alotaibi. "Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 196-200. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hajjar, W. M., Alnassar, . S. A., Altwijri, . R., Alsulami, . A., Alshagha, . D., Alawaji, . G. & Alotaibi, . N. (2020) Primary spontaneous pneumothorax: clinical profile, seasonality, and recurrence of 132 adult patients in a University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 196-200. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574345028


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.