Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 189-195

Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Almhnd Talal Farhan Alenezi, Khalid Nadi M. Alanazi, Osama Mazha Mutkhan Alanazi, Mohammed Amer Mesham Alanazey, Khaled Amer Meshal Alanazey, Abdul Rahman Farhan S. Alenezi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Excess of lipids is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, as well as cerebrovascular and peripheral vascular diseases. Hyperlipidemia has become a significant public health problem. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hyperlipidemia and associated factors and complications among the population aged over 21 years in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study that was conducted among 480 residents of Arar city. Laboratory and physician-diagnosed hyperlipidemia, body mass index, the presence of complications among the studied cases were assessed. The significance of the association of hyperlipidemia with age, sex, body mass index, and hypertension was tested using the chi-squared test. Results: The prevalence of laboratory diagnosed hyperlipidemia among the studied population was 53.8%. There was a significant association between hyperlipidemia and age, sex, family history, smoking, fatty diet, defective muscular exercise, including walking, high meat diet, diabetes, and body mass index group (p < 0.05). However, there were no significant correlations with alcohol consumption (p > 0.05). Complications of hyperlipidemia were reported in 34.1% of the studied cases; the ischemic heart was found in 20.2%, myocardial infarction in 7.8%, cerebrovascular stroke in 4.7%, low physical fitness in 1.6%, and chronic headache in only 0.8% of the participants. Conclusion: The prevalence of hyperlipidemia was high in the studied population. Reported risk factors were age, sex, family history, smoking, fatty diet, defective muscular exercise, including walking, high meat diet, diabetes, and obesity. Reported complications were the ischemic heart and myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular stroke, low physical fitness, and chronic headache.

Keywords:
Hyperlipidemia, adults, Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia


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Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Almhnd Talal Farhan Alenezi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Nadi M Alanazi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Osama Mazha Mutkhan Alanazi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Amer Mesham Alanazey
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khaled Amer Meshal Alanazey
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdul Rahman Farhan S Alenezi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Khalid Nadi Meshal Alanazi, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia.; Sdfa17@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 20 Nov 2019
Accepted 06 Dec 2019
Published online 25 Dec 2019
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alenezi ATF, Alanazi KNM, Alanazi OMM, Alanazey MAM, Alanazey KAM, Alenezi ARFS. Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


Web Style

Alenezi ATF, Alanazi KNM, Alanazi OMM, Alanazey MAM, Alanazey KAM, Alenezi ARFS. Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=74560 [Access: August 04, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alenezi ATF, Alanazi KNM, Alanazi OMM, Alanazey MAM, Alanazey KAM, Alenezi ARFS. Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alenezi ATF, Alanazi KNM, Alanazi OMM, Alanazey MAM, Alanazey KAM, Alenezi ARFS. Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 04, 2020]; 4(1): 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


Harvard Style

Alenezi, A. T. F., Alanazi, . K. N. M., Alanazi, . O. M. M., Alanazey, . M. A. M., Alanazey, . K. A. M. & Alenezi, . A. R. F. S. (2020) Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (1), 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


Turabian Style

Alenezi, Almhnd Talal Farhan, Khalid Nadi M. Alanazi, Osama Mazha Mutkhan Alanazi, Mohammed Amer Mesham Alanazey, Khaled Amer Meshal Alanazey, and Abdul Rahman Farhan S. Alenezi. 2020. Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


Chicago Style

Alenezi, Almhnd Talal Farhan, Khalid Nadi M. Alanazi, Osama Mazha Mutkhan Alanazi, Mohammed Amer Mesham Alanazey, Khaled Amer Meshal Alanazey, and Abdul Rahman Farhan S. Alenezi. "Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alenezi, Almhnd Talal Farhan, Khalid Nadi M. Alanazi, Osama Mazha Mutkhan Alanazi, Mohammed Amer Mesham Alanazey, Khaled Amer Meshal Alanazey, and Abdul Rahman Farhan S. Alenezi. "Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 189-195. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alenezi, A. T. F., Alanazi, . K. N. M., Alanazi, . O. M. M., Alanazey, . M. A. M., Alanazey, . K. A. M. & Alenezi, . A. R. F. S. (2020) Hyperlipidemia among adults in Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 189-195. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1574290471


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