Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 130-136

Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohammad A. B. Al Noor, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Norah Abdulaziz Almusallam, Ayat Yousef Alyousef, Faisal Suliman Alkahmous, Alya Yousef Alyousef, Doaa Ali Al laili.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity prevalence has recently increased due to genetic and environmental factors. Due to comorbidities, obesity management is a health priority to counsel patients, identify obesity causes, and perform obesity management and prevention procedures. The primary health care system provides a framework for delivering weight management; however, the lack of knowledge, reluctance to address weight management issues, and negative attitudes of physicians toward obesity management are barriers to effective obesity management. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine the current practices, knowledge, and attitudes of physicians at family medicine setting in Riyadh city and to assess their role in prevention and management of obesity in Saudi Arabia. Results: Nearly, half of the included physicians were male and 25% had more than 15 years of experience in family medicine practice. About 50% of the participating physicians had a neutral attitude toward the personal characteristics of obese individuals, but 18% of them had negative reactions toward the appearance of obese patients. Male physicians were also less likely to offer bariatric surgery for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (p = 0.0001). Non-Saudis are significantly more likely to believe that it is important to educate patients about overweight (p = 0.05) and less likely to believe that they are effectively practicing their role (p = 0.05). Conclusion: It is important to acknowledge the constraints of the existing working environment and limitations. Further research should be undertaken to explore the effectiveness of a range of preventive and treatment strategies and guidelines within the physicians' existing practice.

Keywords:
Obesity, family medicine, physician, knowledge, attitude


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Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohammad A B Al Noor
Assistant Professor, Community Medicine, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Youssef Fayez Horaib
General Practitioner, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Norah Abdulaziz Almusallam
Resident, Internal Medicine, Department Internal Medicine, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Ayat Yousef Alyousef
Medical Resident, Department Internal Medicine, Al Umran General Hospital, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
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Faisal Suliman Alkahmous
Medical Intern, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Alya Yousef Alyousef
Medical Intern, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Doaa Ali Al laili

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Correspondence to:
. Youssef Fayez Horaib, General Practitioner, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Almaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; dr.yfh90@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 11 Nov 2019
Accepted 20 Dec 2019
Published online 06 Jan 2020
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Noor MABA, Horaib YF, Almusallam NA, Alyousef AY, Alkahmous FS, Alyousef AY, laili DAA. Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


Web Style

Noor MABA, Horaib YF, Almusallam NA, Alyousef AY, Alkahmous FS, Alyousef AY, laili DAA. Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=73374 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Noor MABA, Horaib YF, Almusallam NA, Alyousef AY, Alkahmous FS, Alyousef AY, laili DAA. Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Noor MABA, Horaib YF, Almusallam NA, Alyousef AY, Alkahmous FS, Alyousef AY, laili DAA. Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(1): 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


Harvard Style

Noor, M. A. B. A., Horaib, . Y. F., Almusallam, . N. A., Alyousef, . A. Y., Alkahmous, . F. S., Alyousef, . A. Y. & laili, . D. A. A. (2020) Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


Turabian Style

Noor, Mohammad A. B. Al, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Norah Abdulaziz Almusallam, Ayat Yousef Alyousef, Faisal Suliman Alkahmous, Alya Yousef Alyousef, and Doaa Ali Al laili. 2020. Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


Chicago Style

Noor, Mohammad A. B. Al, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Norah Abdulaziz Almusallam, Ayat Yousef Alyousef, Faisal Suliman Alkahmous, Alya Yousef Alyousef, and Doaa Ali Al laili. "Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Noor, Mohammad A. B. Al, Youssef Fayez Horaib, Norah Abdulaziz Almusallam, Ayat Yousef Alyousef, Faisal Suliman Alkahmous, Alya Yousef Alyousef, and Doaa Ali Al laili. "Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 130-136. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Noor, M. A. B. A., Horaib, . Y. F., Almusallam, . N. A., Alyousef, . A. Y., Alkahmous, . F. S., Alyousef, . A. Y. & laili, . D. A. A. (2020) Physicians' knowledge, feelings, attitudes, and practices toward obesity at family medicine setting in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 130-136. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1573494087


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