Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 118-123

Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Osamah Abdullah A. Barasheed, Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim, Bayan Salem Alkhayat, Raghad Mohammad Mandora, Rahaf Khalid Ali.

ABSTRACT

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the first and third cancer prevalent among males and females, respectively, in Saudi Arabia. Its survival rates depend on the stage at which it is diagnosed. Early detection of colorectal cancer reduces the morbidity and mortality rates among patients. In Saudi Arabia, colorectal cancer is presented at advanced stage. This study was done to explore the level of awareness about CRC screening and to detect factors that affect public misconception in Makkah. Methodology: This was a questionnaire based cross-sectional observational study conducted in different settings of Makkah city between 21 and 29 July 2017, in King Abdullah Medical City. The survey included demographic information of participants, and investigation of awareness about screening, tools of screening and the risk factors. Results: A total of 832 participants were recruited. Six hundred and nine (73.2%) participants had not heard about CRC screening and 87 (10.5%) were not sure. Females were significantly more aware than males about the existence of CRC screening (19.6% versus 12.3%, p = 0.015). Although one third of the participants (254/832) were at risk of developing CRC, only 43 (16.9%) were aware about the screening. Out of those who had heard about screening (136/832), only around 13 (1.6%) had undergone the test. Furthermore, colonoscopy and fecal occult blood test were the two most commonly heard methods of screening (24.2% and 8.2%). Conclusion: Awareness of CRC screening in Makkah is inadequate. Education programs are mandatory and should focus on risk people.

Keywords:
Colorectal cancer, awareness, screening, Makkah


View PDF
Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Osamah Abdullah A Barasheed
Consultant in Public Health, the Executive Administration of Research, King Abdullah Medical City in Holy Capital (KAMC-HC), Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Bayan Salem Alkhayat
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raghad Mohammad Mandora
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rahaf Khalid Ali
Medical Intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim, Medical intern, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia.; johra_1416@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 28 Oct 2019
Accepted 01 Dec 2019
Published online 04 Jan 2020
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Barasheed OAA, Abdulkarim JM, Alkhayat BS, Mandora RM, Ali RK. Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Web Style

Barasheed OAA, Abdulkarim JM, Alkhayat BS, Mandora RM, Ali RK. Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=71458 [Access: January 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Barasheed OAA, Abdulkarim JM, Alkhayat BS, Mandora RM, Ali RK. Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Barasheed OAA, Abdulkarim JM, Alkhayat BS, Mandora RM, Ali RK. Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited January 25, 2020]; 4(1): 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Harvard Style

Barasheed, O. A. A., Abdulkarim, . J. M., Alkhayat, . B. S., Mandora, . R. M. & Ali, . R. K. (2020) Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (1), 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Turabian Style

Barasheed, Osamah Abdullah A., Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim, Bayan Salem Alkhayat, Raghad Mohammad Mandora, and Rahaf Khalid Ali. 2020. Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Chicago Style

Barasheed, Osamah Abdullah A., Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim, Bayan Salem Alkhayat, Raghad Mohammad Mandora, and Rahaf Khalid Ali. "Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Barasheed, Osamah Abdullah A., Johara Mohammed Abdulkarim, Bayan Salem Alkhayat, Raghad Mohammad Mandora, and Rahaf Khalid Ali. "Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 118-123. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Barasheed, O. A. A., Abdulkarim, . J. M., Alkhayat, . B. S., Mandora, . R. M. & Ali, . R. K. (2020) Public awareness of colorectal cancer screening in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 118-123. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1572278014


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Viewed: 441
Downloaded: 20

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.