Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 760-767

Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population

Authors: Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Mai Soud Althobaiti, Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh, Norah Khalid Alosimi, Wejdan Ali Alshehri, Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani.

ABSTRACT

Background: Lung cancer is a global burden that represents a leading cancer diagnosis universally. Prevention of lung cancer can be achieved to a great extent through controlling risk factors. However, risk factors of lung cancer are still not well explored in the Saudi community. This survey analysis aimed to evaluate epidemiology and risk factors of lung cancer among general population in different areas in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A self-administered structured questionnaire was sent to the public through online “Google forms” including questions on their exposure to different carcinogenic materials, compliance with healthy life measures, and their family history of lung cancer in addition to socio-demographic data. Data were analyzed using SPSS program version 22. Results: Exposure to smoking is the most prevalent risk factor in Saudi Arabia (28.56%), followed by irritant materials (22.6%). Smoking is significantly higher in age group between 40 to 60 years old (p = 0.012) and those with primary school certification (p = 0.002). Also, subjects in the age group 40 to 60 years old had a significantly higher compliance to healthy diet (p < 0.001) and higher vitamin intake (p = 0.041). The subjects who lived in eastern region had a significantly higher (p < 0.001) incidence of eating healthy food compared to other subjects, while those living in Northern area showed significantly greater weight loss (p = 0.009) compared to other areas. Conclusion: Awareness programs and smoking cessation campaigns should be held on a national level. Future studies are needed to investigate the level of knowledge and attitude of the general population in Saudi Arabia toward smoking as a major risk factor for lung cancer.

Keywords:
Lung cancer; Smoking; Risk; Saudi Arabia


View PDF
Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population


Authors
Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz
Assistant Professor and consultant surgeon
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Qasem Muidh Alharthi
Taif University, King Faisal Medical Complex, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mai Soud Althobaiti
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Norah Khalid Alosimi
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Wejdan Ali Alshehri
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani
Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani, Medical Intern, College of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia.; ahmedhamed1416@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 22 Oct 2019
Accepted 14 Feb 2020
Published online 30 Mar 2020
Published in print 11 Apr 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Mahfouz MEM, Alharthi QM, Althobaiti MS, Alfaqeeh AS, Alosimi NK, Alshehri WA, Alsufyani AH. Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Web Style

Mahfouz MEM, Alharthi QM, Althobaiti MS, Alfaqeeh AS, Alosimi NK, Alshehri WA, Alsufyani AH. Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=70645 [Access: July 14, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mahfouz MEM, Alharthi QM, Althobaiti MS, Alfaqeeh AS, Alosimi NK, Alshehri WA, Alsufyani AH. Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. IJMDC. 2020; 4(4): 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mahfouz MEM, Alharthi QM, Althobaiti MS, Alfaqeeh AS, Alosimi NK, Alshehri WA, Alsufyani AH. Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. IJMDC. (2020), [cited July 14, 2020]; 4(4): 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Harvard Style

Mahfouz, M. E. M., Alharthi, . Q. M., Althobaiti, . M. S., Alfaqeeh, . A. S., Alosimi, . N. K., Alshehri, . W. A. & Alsufyani, . A. H. (2020) Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. IJMDC, 4 (4), 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Turabian Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Mai Soud Althobaiti, Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh, Norah Khalid Alosimi, Wejdan Ali Alshehri, and Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani. 2020. Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (4), 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Chicago Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Mai Soud Althobaiti, Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh, Norah Khalid Alosimi, Wejdan Ali Alshehri, and Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani. "Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mahfouz, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud, Qasem Muidh Alharthi, Mai Soud Althobaiti, Amal Saleh Alfaqeeh, Norah Khalid Alosimi, Wejdan Ali Alshehri, and Ahmed Hamed Alsufyani. "Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.4 (2020), 760-767. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mahfouz, M. E. M., Alharthi, . Q. M., Althobaiti, . M. S., Alfaqeeh, . A. S., Alosimi, . N. K., Alshehri, . W. A. & Alsufyani, . A. H. (2020) Prevalence of lungs cancer risk factors among the Saudi population. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (4), 760-767. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571737335


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.