Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 79-82

Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study

Authors: Fahad Abdulrahman Dakhil, Waad Omar Aljohani, Ghadah Hassan Almutairi, Ruwaydah Abdulaziz Althunayyan, Rawan Abdulfattah Abdulkarim, Muslem Mohammed Alshakhs.

ABSTRACT

Background: Headaches are important in childhood and ranks third among illness-related causes of school absenteeism. Previous studies have been limited to children in clinics or smaller community populations. This study was done to compare the prevalence of self-perceived and observed risk factors for headache among adolescents. Methodology: Adolescents aged between 14 and 20 years, from the first and third grades of high schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, answered questionnaires about headaches and potential risk factors regarding stress, lifestyle, and muscle pain. Results: A total of 1,000 students aged between 14 and 20 years old completed the survey. More than half of the participants (55%) were males. Regarding the type of headache, 30% were migraine, 25% were tension-type headache, 23% were a miscellaneous headache, and 22% were co-existing migraine plus tension-type headache. The prevalence ratios between recognized risk factors and self-perceived for headache proposed overestimation of the effect of stress. Conclusion: Headaches are common among Saudi students, and more prevalent among male students. They are mainly associated with stress.

Keywords:
Risk factors, adolescents, triggers, headaches


View PDF
Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study


Authors
Fahad Abdulrahman Dakhil
Intern, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Waad Omar Aljohani
Intern, Unaizah College of Medicine, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ghadah Hassan Almutairi
Intern, Unaizah College of Medicine, Unaizah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ruwaydah Abdulaziz Althunayyan
Intern, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rawan Abdulfattah Abdulkarim
Intern, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muslem Mohammed Alshakhs
Medical Student, Dar Aluloom University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Fahad Abdulrahman Dakhil, Intern, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; fahad.bind@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Oct 2019
Accepted 22 Nov 2019
Published online 04 Jan 2020
Published in print 13 Jan 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Dakhil FA, Aljohani WO, Almutairi GH, Althunayyan RA, Abdulkarim RA, Alshakhs MM. Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Web Style

Dakhil FA, Aljohani WO, Almutairi GH, Althunayyan RA, Abdulkarim RA, Alshakhs MM. Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=69848 [Access: August 06, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dakhil FA, Aljohani WO, Almutairi GH, Althunayyan RA, Abdulkarim RA, Alshakhs MM. Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. 2020; 4(1): 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dakhil FA, Aljohani WO, Almutairi GH, Althunayyan RA, Abdulkarim RA, Alshakhs MM. Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 06, 2020]; 4(1): 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Harvard Style

Dakhil, F. A., Aljohani, . W. O., Almutairi, . G. H., Althunayyan, . R. A., Abdulkarim, . R. A. & Alshakhs, . M. M. (2020) Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. IJMDC, 4 (1), 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Turabian Style

Dakhil, Fahad Abdulrahman, Waad Omar Aljohani, Ghadah Hassan Almutairi, Ruwaydah Abdulaziz Althunayyan, Rawan Abdulfattah Abdulkarim, and Muslem Mohammed Alshakhs. 2020. Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Chicago Style

Dakhil, Fahad Abdulrahman, Waad Omar Aljohani, Ghadah Hassan Almutairi, Ruwaydah Abdulaziz Althunayyan, Rawan Abdulfattah Abdulkarim, and Muslem Mohammed Alshakhs. "Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dakhil, Fahad Abdulrahman, Waad Omar Aljohani, Ghadah Hassan Almutairi, Ruwaydah Abdulaziz Althunayyan, Rawan Abdulfattah Abdulkarim, and Muslem Mohammed Alshakhs. "Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.1 (2020), 79-82. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dakhil, F. A., Aljohani, . W. O., Almutairi, . G. H., Althunayyan, . R. A., Abdulkarim, . R. A. & Alshakhs, . M. M. (2020) Identification of risk factors and adolescents' beliefs about triggers for headaches: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (1), 79-82. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1571232985


Related Records


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.