Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 52-59

Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Sumayah Abdulrahman Al-Zahrani, Malikah Zaki Al-Shaikh Mohamed, Arub Mohammed, Nawal Mashni Al-Harbi, Basma Muneer Al-Qatari, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Doaa Ali Al-Halal, Zainab Hussain Al-Matar, Rawan Abdulwahab Saeed, Abeer Mohammed Asiri.

ABSTRACT

Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common upper gastrointestinal disorders that develop when a retrograde flow of stomach contents occurs leading to GERD symptoms or complications. The present study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of GERD and heartburn as well as their main characteristics and risk factors among the Saudi population, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a random sample of the general population of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the period from 1 January to 16 June 2019, using a pre-designed questionnaire for data collection. Results: The study included 1734 participants; the majorities (76.8%) of the participants were females. The study reported that 17.8% of the Saudi population had GERD. There was a significant correlation between GERD and gender, age, BMI group, marital status, region and family history of GERD (P>0.05) but, there was no relation with average family income. It was more prevalent among females by 73.1% and among the age group 31-40 years by 32 %. Further, 38.8% of cases were with average weight, and more than half were married (57.6%). Conclusion: The study concluded that 17.8% of the Saudi population had GERD. There was a significant correlation between GERD and gender, age, obesity, marital status, region, and family history of GERD.

Keywords:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heartburn, the general population of Saudi Arabia.


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Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Sumayah Abdulrahman Al-Zahrani
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Malikah Zaki Al-Shaikh Mohamed
Alexandria University, Al-Qatif, Saudi Arabia
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Arub Mohammed
Tabuk University, Tabuk
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Nawal Mashni Al-Harbi
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Al-Qatif, Saudi Arabia
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Basma Muneer Al-Qatari
Al-Faisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Sarah Ali Alatwi
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Doaa Ali Al-Halal
Al-Faisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Zainab Hussain Al-Matar
Al-Faisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Rawan Abdulwahab Saeed
King Khalid University, Alkhobar, Saudi Arabia
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Abeer Mohammed Asiri
Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Tabuk University, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia; sumayah.alzahrani9@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 02 Sep 2019
Accepted 15 Sep 2019
Published in print 04 Nov 2019

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Pubmed Style

Al-Zahrani SA, Mohamed MZA, Mohammed A, Al-Harbi NM, Al-Qatari BM, Alatwi SA, Al-Halal DA, Al-Matar ZH, Saeed RA, Asiri AM. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


Web Style

Al-Zahrani SA, Mohamed MZA, Mohammed A, Al-Harbi NM, Al-Qatari BM, Alatwi SA, Al-Halal DA, Al-Matar ZH, Saeed RA, Asiri AM. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=63836 [Access: November 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Zahrani SA, Mohamed MZA, Mohammed A, Al-Harbi NM, Al-Qatari BM, Alatwi SA, Al-Halal DA, Al-Matar ZH, Saeed RA, Asiri AM. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Zahrani SA, Mohamed MZA, Mohammed A, Al-Harbi NM, Al-Qatari BM, Alatwi SA, Al-Halal DA, Al-Matar ZH, Saeed RA, Asiri AM. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited November 22, 2019]; 3(11): 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


Harvard Style

Al-Zahrani, S. A., Mohamed, . M. Z. A., Mohammed, . A., Al-Harbi, . N. M., Al-Qatari, . B. M., Alatwi, . S. A., Al-Halal, . D. A., Al-Matar, . Z. H., Saeed, . R. A. & Asiri, . A. M. (2019) Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (11), 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


Turabian Style

Al-Zahrani, Sumayah Abdulrahman, Malikah Zaki Al-Shaikh Mohamed, Arub Mohammed, Nawal Mashni Al-Harbi, Basma Muneer Al-Qatari, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Doaa Ali Al-Halal, Zainab Hussain Al-Matar, Rawan Abdulwahab Saeed, and Abeer Mohammed Asiri. 2019. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


Chicago Style

Al-Zahrani, Sumayah Abdulrahman, Malikah Zaki Al-Shaikh Mohamed, Arub Mohammed, Nawal Mashni Al-Harbi, Basma Muneer Al-Qatari, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Doaa Ali Al-Halal, Zainab Hussain Al-Matar, Rawan Abdulwahab Saeed, and Abeer Mohammed Asiri. "Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Zahrani, Sumayah Abdulrahman, Malikah Zaki Al-Shaikh Mohamed, Arub Mohammed, Nawal Mashni Al-Harbi, Basma Muneer Al-Qatari, Sarah Ali Alatwi, Doaa Ali Al-Halal, Zainab Hussain Al-Matar, Rawan Abdulwahab Saeed, and Abeer Mohammed Asiri. "Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.11 (2019), 52-59. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Zahrani, S. A., Mohamed, . M. Z. A., Mohammed, . A., Al-Harbi, . N. M., Al-Qatari, . B. M., Alatwi, . S. A., Al-Halal, . D. A., Al-Matar, . Z. H., Saeed, . R. A. & Asiri, . A. M. (2019) Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn among the general population of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 52-59. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1567426442


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