Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 45-51

Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus

Authors: Hosam Talal Mashrah, Raed Saeed Alghamdi, Abdulaziz Amin Faydh, Nawaf Eidhah Althobati, Faisal Sultan Alosimi, Mona Modhef Alqurashi, Hameed Khashiban Alswat, Gamal Mohamed Elnemr.

ABSTRACT

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), up to 18% of the whole population in Saudi Arabia have DM (diabetes mellitus). Thyroid disorders are the most common endocrinal diseases among Type 1 diabetic (T1D) patients. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of thyroid disorders among T1DM patients. Methodology: A retrospective study was conducted on 239 patients with T1DM and data on the levels of HgA1c, TSH, T3, and T4 were collected from patients' files. Results: Abnormal levels of HbA1c, TSH, T3, and T4 were present in 99.6%, 11.3%, 69.5% and 12.1% of patients respectively. The mean HgA1C was 9.781 ± 2.12, and for TSH it was 3.71± 10.67 uU/mL. The mean value for free T3 level was 6.42 ± 1.320 pmol/L, and for T4 levels it was 11.30 ± 2.486 pmol/L. No statistically significant relationship was found between the levels of HgA1c, TSH, T3 or T4, and both age groups and gender of the participants. T3 levels were significantly higher among pump users compared to metered-dose inhaler (MDI) users. Conclusions: This study calls for the assessment of thyroid profile in all type 1 diabetic patients in their routine evaluation to allow early detection and management of any thyroid dysfunction among those patients.

Keywords:
Thyroid disorders, type one diabetes mellitus, endocrine disorders, prevalence, Saudi Arabia


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Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus


Authors
Hosam Talal Mashrah
Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Raed Saeed Alghamdi
Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Amin Faydh
Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
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Nawaf Eidhah Althobati
Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
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Faisal Sultan Alosimi
Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
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Mona Modhef Alqurashi
Nurse, Diabetic and Endocrinology center, King Abdullah Specialist Children’s Hospital, Saudi Arabia
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Hameed Khashiban Alswat
Diabetic and Endocrinology center, King Abdullah Specialist Children’s Hospital, Saudi Arabia
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Gamal Mohamed Elnemr
Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Taif University, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Hosam T Mashrah, Medical Student, Medical College, Taif University, Saudi Arabia; Hosam-T-M@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 25 Aug 2019
Accepted 04 Sep 2019
Published online 01 Oct 2019
Published in print 04 Nov 2019

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Pubmed Style

Mashrah HT, Alghamdi RS, Faydh AA, Althobati NE, Alosimi FS, Alqurashi MM, Alswat HK, Elnemr GM. Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


Web Style

Mashrah HT, Alghamdi RS, Faydh AA, Althobati NE, Alosimi FS, Alqurashi MM, Alswat HK, Elnemr GM. Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=62683 [Access: November 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mashrah HT, Alghamdi RS, Faydh AA, Althobati NE, Alosimi FS, Alqurashi MM, Alswat HK, Elnemr GM. Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mashrah HT, Alghamdi RS, Faydh AA, Althobati NE, Alosimi FS, Alqurashi MM, Alswat HK, Elnemr GM. Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. IJMDC. (2019), [cited November 22, 2019]; 3(11): 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


Harvard Style

Mashrah, H. T., Alghamdi, . R. S., Faydh, . A. A., Althobati, . N. E., Alosimi, . F. S., Alqurashi, . M. M., Alswat, . H. K. & Elnemr, . G. M. (2019) Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. IJMDC, 3 (11), 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


Turabian Style

Mashrah, Hosam Talal, Raed Saeed Alghamdi, Abdulaziz Amin Faydh, Nawaf Eidhah Althobati, Faisal Sultan Alosimi, Mona Modhef Alqurashi, Hameed Khashiban Alswat, and Gamal Mohamed Elnemr. 2019. Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


Chicago Style

Mashrah, Hosam Talal, Raed Saeed Alghamdi, Abdulaziz Amin Faydh, Nawaf Eidhah Althobati, Faisal Sultan Alosimi, Mona Modhef Alqurashi, Hameed Khashiban Alswat, and Gamal Mohamed Elnemr. "Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mashrah, Hosam Talal, Raed Saeed Alghamdi, Abdulaziz Amin Faydh, Nawaf Eidhah Althobati, Faisal Sultan Alosimi, Mona Modhef Alqurashi, Hameed Khashiban Alswat, and Gamal Mohamed Elnemr. "Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.11 (2019), 45-51. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mashrah, H. T., Alghamdi, . R. S., Faydh, . A. A., Althobati, . N. E., Alosimi, . F. S., Alqurashi, . M. M., Alswat, . H. K. & Elnemr, . G. M. (2019) Prevalence of Thyroid disorders among patients with Type One Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 45-51. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566748654


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