Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 286-290

Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Amar F. Khalifa, Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Turki R. Alrumayh, Saud M. Alhaqqan, Majed K. Alanazi, Meshal D. Alanazi, Moayed A. Alqarni, Meshari Z. Almutairi, Amro A. Al-Gamdi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma affects an estimated 300 million individuals worldwide, with an expected increase to 400 million, by 2025. Health education is an important aspect of asthma management and outcome. This study aims to identify the level of knowledge regarding bronchial asthma. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with convenience sampling technique, including 384 participants of Riyadh population. Inclusion criteria included all ages, sexes, and nationalities. The questionnaire comprised a series of close-ended questions, covered mainly triggering factors, complication, symptoms, and signs. The data were analyzed using the statistical package (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 22 and Microsoft excel to generate figures and charts. Chi-square test was also used. p-value of 0.05 or less for significance. Consent obtained before data collection from all the participants. Results: About 75.5% of participants had good knowledge regarding treatment, while 24.5% had poor knowledge. The majority of participant's (66.4%) had a positive attitude, and 32.3% had a moderate attitude that might be helpful, while 1.3% had negative action. Most of the participants (60.4%) had good knowledge regarding complication as they knew that respiratory distress is a complication of bronchial asthma, while 39.6% had poor knowledge regarding complication of bronchial asthma. There was a significant statistical relationship between the level of knowledge regarding triggering factors and gender (p value = 0.008). Conclusion: The knowledge regarding bronchial asthma was relatively good, while the attitude needs improvement, especially the attitude toward the distressed asthmatic patient. On the other hand, the female participants showed a higher level of knowledge than males.

Keywords:
Asthma, risk factor, treatment, knowledge.


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Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Amar F Khalifa
Assistant Professor, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Turki R Alrumayh
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Saud M Alhaqqan
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Majed K Alanazi
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Meshal D Alanazi
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Moayed A Alqarni
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Meshari Z Almutairi
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Amro A Al-Gamdi
Internship House Officer, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Almaarefa University, Ad Diriyah, Saudi Arabia.; mbamhraz@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 28 Aug 2019
Accepted 13 Nov 2019
Published online 08 Jan 2020

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Pubmed Style

Khalifa AF, Mhraz MYB, Alrumayh TR, Alhaqqan SM, Alanazi MK, Alanazi MD, Alqarni MA, Almutairi MZ, Al-Gamdi AA. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


Web Style

Khalifa AF, Mhraz MYB, Alrumayh TR, Alhaqqan SM, Alanazi MK, Alanazi MD, Alqarni MA, Almutairi MZ, Al-Gamdi AA. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=61874 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalifa AF, Mhraz MYB, Alrumayh TR, Alhaqqan SM, Alanazi MK, Alanazi MD, Alqarni MA, Almutairi MZ, Al-Gamdi AA. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalifa AF, Mhraz MYB, Alrumayh TR, Alhaqqan SM, Alanazi MK, Alanazi MD, Alqarni MA, Almutairi MZ, Al-Gamdi AA. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


Harvard Style

Khalifa, A. F., Mhraz, . M. Y. B., Alrumayh, . T. R., Alhaqqan, . S. M., Alanazi, . M. K., Alanazi, . M. D., Alqarni, . M. A., Almutairi, . M. Z. & Al-Gamdi, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


Turabian Style

Khalifa, Amar F., Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Turki R. Alrumayh, Saud M. Alhaqqan, Majed K. Alanazi, Meshal D. Alanazi, Moayed A. Alqarni, Meshari Z. Almutairi, and Amro A. Al-Gamdi. 2020. Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


Chicago Style

Khalifa, Amar F., Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Turki R. Alrumayh, Saud M. Alhaqqan, Majed K. Alanazi, Meshal D. Alanazi, Moayed A. Alqarni, Meshari Z. Almutairi, and Amro A. Al-Gamdi. "Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalifa, Amar F., Muaadh Yahya Ba Mhraz, Turki R. Alrumayh, Saud M. Alhaqqan, Majed K. Alanazi, Meshal D. Alanazi, Moayed A. Alqarni, Meshari Z. Almutairi, and Amro A. Al-Gamdi. "Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 286-290. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalifa, A. F., Mhraz, . M. Y. B., Alrumayh, . T. R., Alhaqqan, . S. M., Alanazi, . M. K., Alanazi, . M. D., Alqarni, . M. A., Almutairi, . M. Z. & Al-Gamdi, . A. A. (2020) Knowledge and attitude of bronchial asthma among Riyadh population, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 286-290. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1566219446


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