Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1404-1409

A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdullah Ghalib Yahya Orebi, Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem, Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih, Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri, Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool.

ABSTRACT

Background: Asthma is considered one of the most prevalent causes of disability in children and adults worldwide. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among the adult population in Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional qualitative study conducted through a survey sent to adults living in Jazan city, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire collected demographic data and included questions related to asthma diagnosis, treatment, and risk factors. Data analysis was carried out through the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 26. Results: A total of 451 participants responded to the questionnaire and met our inclusion criteria. The average age of responders was 26.36 6.5. The prevalence of asthma was estimated to be 61.4% of the whole sample. However, only 12% of the participants had a confirmed diagnosis by their physicians. As for asthma risk factors, 14.4% of responders were smokers, 38.6% had a positive family history of asthma, and 9.8% had bronchitis during the last year. Also, 81.2% of the responders used perfumes frequently and 42.8% practiced sports regularly. Regarding asthma medications, 27.3% of the participants could not stop their asthma medications, and 12.2% often used their bronchodilators. The most significant risk factors for asthma were positive family history (p value < 0.001), asthma diagnosis in the past 12 months (p value < 0.001), discontinuation of asthma medications (<0.001), the use of bronchodilators (<0.001), and practicing sports (p value = 0.018) Conclusion: The prevalence of asthma among the Saudi population is high, with positive family history, exercise, frequent use of bronchodilators, and discontinuation of asthma medications considered as the most significant risk factors for asthma.

Keywords:
Asthma, bronchodilators, risk factors, Jazan, Saudi Arabia


View PDF
A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdullah Ghalib Yahya Orebi
Medical Consultant, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri
General Practitioner, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem
General Practitioner, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih
General Practitioner, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri
Dentist, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri
Epidemiology Technician, Abu Arish, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool
General Practitioner, Ahad Al-Masareha, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, General Practitioner, Abu Arish, Saudi Arabia.; moath1568noor@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 08 Jul 2020
Accepted 29 Jul 2020
Published online 14 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Orebi AGY, Qadri MAY, Alqasem AYA, Faqih YAH, Gadri MAY, Qadri MAY, Hantool MSM. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Web Style

Orebi AGY, Qadri MAY, Alqasem AYA, Faqih YAH, Gadri MAY, Qadri MAY, Hantool MSM. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=61659 [Access: October 21, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Orebi AGY, Qadri MAY, Alqasem AYA, Faqih YAH, Gadri MAY, Qadri MAY, Hantool MSM. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Orebi AGY, Qadri MAY, Alqasem AYA, Faqih YAH, Gadri MAY, Qadri MAY, Hantool MSM. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 21, 2020]; 4(9): 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Harvard Style

Orebi, A. G. Y., Qadri, . M. A. Y., Alqasem, . A. Y. A., Faqih, . Y. A. H., Gadri, . M. A. Y., Qadri, . M. A. Y. & Hantool, . M. S. M. (2020) A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Turabian Style

Orebi, Abdullah Ghalib Yahya, Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem, Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih, Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri, Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri, and Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool. 2020. A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Chicago Style

Orebi, Abdullah Ghalib Yahya, Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem, Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih, Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri, Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri, and Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool. "A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Orebi, Abdullah Ghalib Yahya, Moath Abdullah Yahya Qadri, Abdulrahman Yahya Ahmad Alqasem, Yazeed Abdullah Hassan Faqih, Mowafeg Abdullah Yehya Gadri, Majed Abdullah Yahya Qadri, and Mohammed Salem Mohammed Hantool. "A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1404-1409. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Orebi, A. G. Y., Qadri, . M. A. Y., Alqasem, . A. Y. A., Faqih, . Y. A. H., Gadri, . M. A. Y., Qadri, . M. A. Y. & Hantool, . M. S. M. (2020) A cross-sectional survey to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of asthma in adults in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1404-1409. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594240588


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2020 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.