Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 576-585

Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity

Authors: Ameer Mesawa, Abeer Almutairi, Abrar Abdullah, Rahaf Kutbi, Ahmed Almarri, Hanadi Alahdali, Sara Bashlawi, Fatima Rajab, Hani Alzahrani, Muath Alghamdi, Abdulmoein Al-Agha.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity is a significant public health concern. The prevalence of obesity varies remarkably across the countries with different socioeconomic levels. To effectively fight obesity, population-based social and environmental approaches should be considered. The study aimed to assess the association between parental socioeconomic status, occupation, and educational level in relation to childhood obesity. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 384 obese children in Jeddah city. The sample was collected at various ambulatories of endocrine clinics from May till August 2017. Obese children between 3 and 18 years were included in the study while those who are more than 18 or less than 3-year old were excluded. Results: The mean body mass index (BMI) of males (26.6 3.93 kg/m2) was higher than the BMI mean of females (24.6 4.02 kg/m2). Among the participants, 63.7% of children, with fathers having a college degree, were overweight, while 61.1% of them were obese (p-value = 0.511). Moreover, 50.7% of children, with mothers having a college degree were overweight, while 54.4% of them were obese (p-value = 0.081). Among the participants, 75.3% of children, who had unemployed mothers, were overweight, while 54.6% were obese (p-value = 0.058). However, 89.7% of children of employed fathers were overweight, while 84.7% were obese (p-value = 0.205). Among the participants, 47.4% of obese children belonged to families of high income, while 43.8% of them with medium family income were overweight (p-value = 0.0001). Conclusion: The rate of overweight and obesity among Saudi children was higher than non-Saudis. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher with high educational levels of both parents, high family income, and among children of employed fathers.

Keywords:
Children, obesity, socioeconomic-status, occupation, parental education


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Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity


Authors
Ameer Mesawa
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abeer Almutairi
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abrar Abdullah
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Rahaf Kutbi
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmed Almarri
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Hanadi Alahdali
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Sara Bashlawi
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Fatima Rajab
Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Hani Alzahrani
Batterjee Medical College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Muath Alghamdi
Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulmoein Al-Agha
Professor of Paediatric Endocrinology, Department of Paediatric, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ameer Mesawa, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.; Ameer200922@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 04 Aug 2019
Accepted 14 Jan 2020
Published online 14 Jan 2020
Published in print 25 Feb 2020

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Pubmed Style

Mesawa A, Almutairi A, Abdullah A, Kutbi R, Almarri A, Alahdali H, Bashlawi S, Rajab F, Alzahrani H, Alghamdi M, Al-Agha A. Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


Web Style

Mesawa A, Almutairi A, Abdullah A, Kutbi R, Almarri A, Alahdali H, Bashlawi S, Rajab F, Alzahrani H, Alghamdi M, Al-Agha A. Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=59992 [Access: March 29, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mesawa A, Almutairi A, Abdullah A, Kutbi R, Almarri A, Alahdali H, Bashlawi S, Rajab F, Alzahrani H, Alghamdi M, Al-Agha A. Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. IJMDC. 2020; 4(3): 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mesawa A, Almutairi A, Abdullah A, Kutbi R, Almarri A, Alahdali H, Bashlawi S, Rajab F, Alzahrani H, Alghamdi M, Al-Agha A. Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. IJMDC. (2020), [cited March 29, 2020]; 4(3): 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


Harvard Style

Mesawa, A., Almutairi, . A., Abdullah, . A., Kutbi, . R., Almarri, . A., Alahdali, . H., Bashlawi, . S., Rajab, . F., Alzahrani, . H., Alghamdi, . M. & Al-Agha, . A. (2020) Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. IJMDC, 4 (3), 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


Turabian Style

Mesawa, Ameer, Abeer Almutairi, Abrar Abdullah, Rahaf Kutbi, Ahmed Almarri, Hanadi Alahdali, Sara Bashlawi, Fatima Rajab, Hani Alzahrani, Muath Alghamdi, and Abdulmoein Al-Agha. 2020. Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


Chicago Style

Mesawa, Ameer, Abeer Almutairi, Abrar Abdullah, Rahaf Kutbi, Ahmed Almarri, Hanadi Alahdali, Sara Bashlawi, Fatima Rajab, Hani Alzahrani, Muath Alghamdi, and Abdulmoein Al-Agha. "Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mesawa, Ameer, Abeer Almutairi, Abrar Abdullah, Rahaf Kutbi, Ahmed Almarri, Hanadi Alahdali, Sara Bashlawi, Fatima Rajab, Hani Alzahrani, Muath Alghamdi, and Abdulmoein Al-Agha. "Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.3 (2020), 576-585. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mesawa, A., Almutairi, . A., Abdullah, . A., Kutbi, . R., Almarri, . A., Alahdali, . H., Bashlawi, . S., Rajab, . F., Alzahrani, . H., Alghamdi, . M. & Al-Agha, . A. (2020) Parental socioeconomic status and occupation in relation to childhood obesity. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (3), 576-585. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1564909950


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