Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 28-31

Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area

Authors: Hussain Jafer Alsowaiket, Ibrahim Abdulla Al Dabbous, Anwar Hassan Darwich, Mohammed Ali Alsultan, Ali Hussain Ali AlKhalifa.

ABSTRACT

Background: Limited information is available in literature about cardiac manifestations of children with Arab-Indian haplotype sickle cell disease (SCD). The aim of the current study was cardiovascular assessment of children with SCD. Methodology: It is a Prospective observational and cross-sectional study which was conducted at Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia between December 2012 and June 2015. Asymptomatic children with SCD attending general pediatric and pediatric cardiology clinics were enrolled in this study. Eighty-seven patients were included in the study with mean age 7.8 (2-12) years, mean weight 23.7 (13-67) kg and 55 (63%) were male. Results: On cardiac examination, it was revealed that all patients had normal BP, normal oxygen saturation, and normal auscultation of 1st and 2nd heart sounds wherein 6% patients had tachycardia, 20 (23%) had extensive pulse pressure, and 32 (37%) had soft ejection systolic murmur, 10 (11%) had ECG evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy, and 2 (2%) had PR prolongation. Echocardiography showed that all patients had healthy chambers inflow, outflow, wall thickness, and function. No evidence of pulmonary hypertension and right atrial or ventricular enlargement was found. Among the participants 6 (7%) patients had left atrial enlargement, 18 (21%) had left ventricular enlargement, and 6 (7%) had simple congenital heart disease. Conclusion: Children with SCD originally from Qatif area had variable cardiac abnormalities. However, the prevalence of these was less frequent than that mentioned in literature with no distinct sickle cell cardiomyopathy. Although this is reassuring information to families, routine cardiac follow up is valuable.

Keywords:
Cardiac Manifestations ;Children ; Sickle Cell Disease; Qatif Area


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Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area


Authors
Hussain Jafer Alsowaiket
Pediatric cardiology consultant.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ibrahim Abdulla Al Dabbous
Formerly Consultant Pediatrician Qatif Central Hospital
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Anwar Hassan Darwich
Pediatric cardiology consultant.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Ali Alsultan
Pediatric Resedeint
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ali Hussain Ali AlKhalifa
Pediatric Senior Registrar, QCH
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
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Publication history
Received 18 Jul 2019
Accepted 29 Aug 2019
Published online 01 Oct 2019
Published in print 04 Nov 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alsowaiket HJ, Dabbous IAA, Darwich AH, Alsultan MA, AlKhalifa AHA. Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


Web Style

Alsowaiket HJ, Dabbous IAA, Darwich AH, Alsultan MA, AlKhalifa AHA. Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=57613 [Access: November 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsowaiket HJ, Dabbous IAA, Darwich AH, Alsultan MA, AlKhalifa AHA. Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsowaiket HJ, Dabbous IAA, Darwich AH, Alsultan MA, AlKhalifa AHA. Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. IJMDC. (2019), [cited November 22, 2019]; 3(11): 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


Harvard Style

Alsowaiket, H. J., Dabbous, . I. A. A., Darwich, . A. H., Alsultan, . M. A. & AlKhalifa, . A. H. A. (2019) Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. IJMDC, 3 (11), 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


Turabian Style

Alsowaiket, Hussain Jafer, Ibrahim Abdulla Al Dabbous, Anwar Hassan Darwich, Mohammed Ali Alsultan, and Ali Hussain Ali AlKhalifa. 2019. Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


Chicago Style

Alsowaiket, Hussain Jafer, Ibrahim Abdulla Al Dabbous, Anwar Hassan Darwich, Mohammed Ali Alsultan, and Ali Hussain Ali AlKhalifa. "Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsowaiket, Hussain Jafer, Ibrahim Abdulla Al Dabbous, Anwar Hassan Darwich, Mohammed Ali Alsultan, and Ali Hussain Ali AlKhalifa. "Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.11 (2019), 28-31. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsowaiket, H. J., Dabbous, . I. A. A., Darwich, . A. H., Alsultan, . M. A. & AlKhalifa, . A. H. A. (2019) Cardiac manifestations of children with sickle cell disease in Qatif area. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 28-31. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1563490778


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