Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 65-70

The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017)

Authors: Abdulrahman Saleh Alrasheed, Khalid Alhussein, Mohammed Alsayed, Waleed Mohammed Alzahrani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Alotaibi, Faris Mohammad Alosaimi, Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshuwayrikh, Saleh Mansoor Alkhonezan, Mohammed Ali Hassan AlShehri, Osama Ahmed Alshaya, Abdulrahman Abdullah Aljethaily, Abdullah Ibrahim Alasmari, Mohammed Abdulfttah AlMakhdob, Abdullah Alfaris, Mosleh Jabari.

ABSTRACT

Background: Understanding the causes of neonatal and post neonatal death helps to develop strategies to reduce death rates and improve the quality of care. The present study aims to investigate the causes of neonatal and post neonatal deaths in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh region, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is a retrospective descriptive study, addressing the causes of neonatal and post neonatal death in the NICU at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, over 5 years, from January 1, 2012, to March 31, 2017. All the death cases in the NICU were included and classified using the modified version of Wigglesworth classification. Results: We have studied 204 NICU deaths from 2012 to 2017 (7.2% of total admissions). Out of all deaths, 52% were male, 84.8% were neonatal, and 15.2% were post neonatal deaths. Two-thirds of deaths occurred in neonates with abnormal Apgar scores in the first minute (65.2%). Most infants weighing below 1,000 g died due to prematurity (89.2%). Overall, preterm birth and its complications were the most prevalent cause of death at 51.5%, followed by congenital malformations at 33.3% and various specific diagnoses at 13.2%. Conclusion: Prematurity and its related complications are the primary cause of death in the NICU.

Keywords:
Neonatal intensive care unit, neonatal mortality, post neonatal mortality, cause of death.


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The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017)


Authors
Abdulrahman Saleh Alrasheed
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khalid Alhussein
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Alsayed
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Waleed Mohammed Alzahrani
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Dhaifallah Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faris Mohammad Alosaimi
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshuwayrikh
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Saleh Mansoor Alkhonezan
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Ali Hassan AlShehri
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Osama Ahmed Alshaya
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Abdullah Aljethaily
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Ibrahim Alasmari
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdulfttah AlMakhdob
College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Alfaris
Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mosleh Jabari
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdulrahman Alrasheed, College of Medicine, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; uwv111@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Jul 2019
Accepted 06 Aug 2019
Published online 11 Sep 2019
Published in print 26 Sep 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alrasheed AS, Alhussein K, Alsayed M, Alzahrani WM, Alotaibi AD, Alosaimi FM, Aldebasi MH, Alshuwayrikh AA, Alkhonezan SM, AlShehri MAH, Alshaya OA, Aljethaily AA, Alasmari AI, AlMakhdob MA, Alfaris A, Jabari M. The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


Web Style

Alrasheed AS, Alhussein K, Alsayed M, Alzahrani WM, Alotaibi AD, Alosaimi FM, Aldebasi MH, Alshuwayrikh AA, Alkhonezan SM, AlShehri MAH, Alshaya OA, Aljethaily AA, Alasmari AI, AlMakhdob MA, Alfaris A, Jabari M. The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=55681 [Access: December 11, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alrasheed AS, Alhussein K, Alsayed M, Alzahrani WM, Alotaibi AD, Alosaimi FM, Aldebasi MH, Alshuwayrikh AA, Alkhonezan SM, AlShehri MAH, Alshaya OA, Aljethaily AA, Alasmari AI, AlMakhdob MA, Alfaris A, Jabari M. The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alrasheed AS, Alhussein K, Alsayed M, Alzahrani WM, Alotaibi AD, Alosaimi FM, Aldebasi MH, Alshuwayrikh AA, Alkhonezan SM, AlShehri MAH, Alshaya OA, Aljethaily AA, Alasmari AI, AlMakhdob MA, Alfaris A, Jabari M. The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). IJMDC. (2019), [cited December 11, 2019]; 3(10): 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


Harvard Style

Alrasheed, A. S., Alhussein, . K., Alsayed, . M., Alzahrani, . W. M., Alotaibi, . A. D., Alosaimi, . F. M., Aldebasi, . M. H., Alshuwayrikh, . A. A., Alkhonezan, . S. M., AlShehri, . M. A. H., Alshaya, . O. A., Aljethaily, . A. A., Alasmari, . A. I., AlMakhdob, . M. A., Alfaris, . A. & Jabari, . M. (2019) The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). IJMDC, 3 (10), 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


Turabian Style

Alrasheed, Abdulrahman Saleh, Khalid Alhussein, Mohammed Alsayed, Waleed Mohammed Alzahrani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Alotaibi, Faris Mohammad Alosaimi, Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshuwayrikh, Saleh Mansoor Alkhonezan, Mohammed Ali Hassan AlShehri, Osama Ahmed Alshaya, Abdulrahman Abdullah Aljethaily, Abdullah Ibrahim Alasmari, Mohammed Abdulfttah AlMakhdob, Abdullah Alfaris, and Mosleh Jabari. 2019. The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


Chicago Style

Alrasheed, Abdulrahman Saleh, Khalid Alhussein, Mohammed Alsayed, Waleed Mohammed Alzahrani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Alotaibi, Faris Mohammad Alosaimi, Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshuwayrikh, Saleh Mansoor Alkhonezan, Mohammed Ali Hassan AlShehri, Osama Ahmed Alshaya, Abdulrahman Abdullah Aljethaily, Abdullah Ibrahim Alasmari, Mohammed Abdulfttah AlMakhdob, Abdullah Alfaris, and Mosleh Jabari. "The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017)." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alrasheed, Abdulrahman Saleh, Khalid Alhussein, Mohammed Alsayed, Waleed Mohammed Alzahrani, Abdullah Dhaifallah Alotaibi, Faris Mohammad Alosaimi, Mohammed Hamad Aldebasi, Abdulrahman Abdullah Alshuwayrikh, Saleh Mansoor Alkhonezan, Mohammed Ali Hassan AlShehri, Osama Ahmed Alshaya, Abdulrahman Abdullah Aljethaily, Abdullah Ibrahim Alasmari, Mohammed Abdulfttah AlMakhdob, Abdullah Alfaris, and Mosleh Jabari. "The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017)." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.10 (2019), 65-70. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alrasheed, A. S., Alhussein, . K., Alsayed, . M., Alzahrani, . W. M., Alotaibi, . A. D., Alosaimi, . F. M., Aldebasi, . M. H., Alshuwayrikh, . A. A., Alkhonezan, . S. M., AlShehri, . M. A. H., Alshaya, . O. A., Aljethaily, . A. A., Alasmari, . A. I., AlMakhdob, . M. A., Alfaris, . A. & Jabari, . M. (2019) The causes of death in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (20122017). International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 65-70. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562410193


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