Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 45-52

Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia

Authors: Maisa Alsweilem, Maram Khalf Alenzi, Seba Naji Almutairi, Thamer Abdullah Alanazy.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dry eye disease (DED) is one of the most frequently encountered ocular morbidities. 25% of patients who visit ophthalmic clinics report symptoms of dry eye, making it growing public health. This study estimated the prevalence of eye dryness and to determine the risk factors for dry eye in the general population in the Northern Region, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional community-based study, conducted among 384 Saudi and non-Saudi males and females of 15 years of age and above, in Arar, the Northern region of Saudi Arabia, during the period from 1 November 2018 to 31 January 2019. The data were collected by using a predesigned questionnaire. Results: The prevalence of dry eye disease in the sample was 36.5%. Reported symptoms were feeling gritty or sandy sensation in the eye 36.3%, burning sensation 40.3%, and sometimes having red-eye 44.9%. Dry eye disease was more prevalent in females 76.9% than males 23.1% (p = 0.521), there was no significant relation with age (p = 0.66) and was more prevalent in 2130 age group (46.2%). In cases with DED, there were 13.2% who wore contact lenses and 22.2% wore glasses (p = 0.004). There was insignificant relation with osteoporosis, joint or rheumatic problems, bronchial asthma, thyroid diseases, high blood cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and aspirin administration; however, it was positively associated with the previous history of trachoma. Conclusion:The prevalence of dry eye disease in this sample was 36.5%, with significant positive relation with wearing contact lenses and glasses, and previous history of trachoma.

Keywords:
Eye dryness, prevalence, risk factors, Northern Region, Saudi Arabia.


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Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia


Authors
Maisa Alsweilem
Ophthalmology Consultant, Prince Abdulaziz bin Musaed Hospital, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Maram Khalf Alenzi
College of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Seba Naji Almutairi
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdul Aziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Thamer Abdullah Alanazy
College of Medicine, Jouf University, Skaka, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Maisa Alsweilem, Ophthalmology Consultant, Prince Abdulaziz bin Musaed Hospital, Arar, Saudi Arabia; dr.maisams@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 14 Jul 2019
Accepted 21 Jul 2019
Published online 06 Aug 2019
Published in print 26 Sep 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alsweilem M, Alenzi MK, Almutairi SN, Alanazy TA. Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


Web Style

Alsweilem M, Alenzi MK, Almutairi SN, Alanazy TA. Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=55324 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsweilem M, Alenzi MK, Almutairi SN, Alanazy TA. Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsweilem M, Alenzi MK, Almutairi SN, Alanazy TA. Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 3(10): 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


Harvard Style

Alsweilem, M., Alenzi, . M. K., Almutairi, . S. N. & Alanazy, . T. A. (2019) Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (10), 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


Turabian Style

Alsweilem, Maisa, Maram Khalf Alenzi, Seba Naji Almutairi, and Thamer Abdullah Alanazy. 2019. Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


Chicago Style

Alsweilem, Maisa, Maram Khalf Alenzi, Seba Naji Almutairi, and Thamer Abdullah Alanazy. "Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsweilem, Maisa, Maram Khalf Alenzi, Seba Naji Almutairi, and Thamer Abdullah Alanazy. "Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.10 (2019), 45-52. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsweilem, M., Alenzi, . M. K., Almutairi, . S. N. & Alanazy, . T. A. (2019) Prevalence of eye dryness among the general population of the Northern Region of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 45-52. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1562222687


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