Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 1-7

Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Mohammed Abbas A. Al-Omran, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alibrahim, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Al-Ghareeb, Zainab Esam Al-Mumen, Maryam Fauad Al-Moman, Maryam Hussain Al-Ayesh, Layla Emad Al-Ramadan, Darin Al-Khars Fadhel Radi Al-Sayed, Fatimah Abdul Hadi Al-Salman.

ABSTRACT

Background: Shift workers, people who work outside workday hours, are thought to be at risk of decreased alertness and productivity; hence, there is an increased possibility of occupational hazards to happen. Hospital employment requires health professions to be available for work at all times, and this forces the healthcare workers to take on night shifts. Thus, these workers are susceptible to occupationally related sleep disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the quality and duration of sleep among night shift health workers at the Saudi Arabian Eastern Province-hospitals. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out among health workers working in eight to ten-hour shifts at Eastern Province hospitals in Saudi Arabia. A pretested, structured online questionnaire with twenty-six questions was distributed among the hospitals to healthcare workers, with a total of 252 responses received. The online questionnaire assessed and compared the difference between the sleep quality of these workers while working during the night shift, and the quality of sleep of these workers while having days off from work. Results: Responses of the healthcare workers to the online questionnaire who worked night shifts replied that they had problems falling and staying asleep (76% and 72.2% respectively). Of these, they suffered from overall poor quality of sleep (59.8%) and reported decreased mental function while awake (64.9%). Furthermore, 74% of respondents reported that during their days off, their occupational-related sleep disorders improved. However, more than half of the respondents noted that they faced difficulties in falling asleep. Conclusion: Sleep disorders are prominent within night-shift healthcare workers which affected their overall performance at work. Thus, it is recommended that such healthcare workers follow-up with sleep specialists improve their overall quality of sleep.

Keywords:
Sleep disorders, insomnia, night shift, healthcare workers


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Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Mohammed Abbas A Al-Omran
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alibrahim
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed Abdulmajeed Al-Ghareeb
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zainab Esam Al-Mumen
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Maryam Fauad Al-Moman
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Maryam Hussain Al-Ayesh
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Layla Emad Al-Ramadan
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Darin Al-Khars Fadhel Radi Al-Sayed
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Fatimah Abdul Hadi Al-Salman
Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
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Correspondence to:
. Arabian Gulf University , Manama, Bahrain; moh9orn@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 12 Apr 2019
Accepted 24 Jun 2019
Published online 09 Oct 2019
Published in print 04 Nov 2019

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Pubmed Style

Al-Omran MAA, Alibrahim MA, Al-Ghareeb MA, Al-Mumen ZE, Al-Moman MF, Al-Ayesh MH, Al-Ramadan LE, Al-Sayed DAFR, Al-Salman FAH. Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


Web Style

Al-Omran MAA, Alibrahim MA, Al-Ghareeb MA, Al-Mumen ZE, Al-Moman MF, Al-Ayesh MH, Al-Ramadan LE, Al-Sayed DAFR, Al-Salman FAH. Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=43077 [Access: November 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Omran MAA, Alibrahim MA, Al-Ghareeb MA, Al-Mumen ZE, Al-Moman MF, Al-Ayesh MH, Al-Ramadan LE, Al-Sayed DAFR, Al-Salman FAH. Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(11): 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Omran MAA, Alibrahim MA, Al-Ghareeb MA, Al-Mumen ZE, Al-Moman MF, Al-Ayesh MH, Al-Ramadan LE, Al-Sayed DAFR, Al-Salman FAH. Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited November 22, 2019]; 3(11): 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


Harvard Style

Al-Omran, M. A. A., Alibrahim, . M. A., Al-Ghareeb, . M. A., Al-Mumen, . Z. E., Al-Moman, . M. F., Al-Ayesh, . M. H., Al-Ramadan, . L. E., Al-Sayed, . D. A. F. R. & Al-Salman, . F. A. H. (2019) Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (11), 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


Turabian Style

Al-Omran, Mohammed Abbas A., Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alibrahim, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Al-Ghareeb, Zainab Esam Al-Mumen, Maryam Fauad Al-Moman, Maryam Hussain Al-Ayesh, Layla Emad Al-Ramadan, Darin Al-Khars Fadhel Radi Al-Sayed, and Fatimah Abdul Hadi Al-Salman. 2019. Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


Chicago Style

Al-Omran, Mohammed Abbas A., Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alibrahim, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Al-Ghareeb, Zainab Esam Al-Mumen, Maryam Fauad Al-Moman, Maryam Hussain Al-Ayesh, Layla Emad Al-Ramadan, Darin Al-Khars Fadhel Radi Al-Sayed, and Fatimah Abdul Hadi Al-Salman. "Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Omran, Mohammed Abbas A., Mohammed Abdulmajeed Alibrahim, Mohammed Abdulmajeed Al-Ghareeb, Zainab Esam Al-Mumen, Maryam Fauad Al-Moman, Maryam Hussain Al-Ayesh, Layla Emad Al-Ramadan, Darin Al-Khars Fadhel Radi Al-Sayed, and Fatimah Abdul Hadi Al-Salman. "Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.11 (2019), 1-7. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Omran, M. A. A., Alibrahim, . M. A., Al-Ghareeb, . M. A., Al-Mumen, . Z. E., Al-Moman, . M. F., Al-Ayesh, . M. H., Al-Ramadan, . L. E., Al-Sayed, . D. A. F. R. & Al-Salman, . F. A. H. (2019) Sleep disorders and insomnia among night shift healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in a leading health establishment in the eastern province, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (11), 1-7. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1555025884


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