Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1397-1403

Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020

Authors: Adel Alsenaid, Salman Haif Alotaibi, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Sanjay Deshwali, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Malak Saad Alkhodaid, Malak Eid Albalawi, Hibah Saad AlAli.

ABSTRACT

Background: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide and the ninth most common malignancy in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to determine the awareness about skin cancer and prevention among the adult population of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 500 adults randomly selected from the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia. A three-section questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: The study showed that 26% of the participants were working under direct exposure to sunlight. More than half of the participants (63%) were exposed to sunlight for 1-2 hours, whereas 17% had 3-4 hours of exposure to sunlight daily. About 12.2% of the participants had a history of tanning habit, and 0.7% reported the cases of skin cancer. About 53% wore a hat or hijab, 58% wore sunglasses, and 57% applied sunscreen when exposed to sunlight. Nearly 38% forgot to apply sunscreen, and 32% felt that it was too hot to use. 51% were aware that sun exposure caused skin cancer, 5% felt that sunburn causes lasting damage to the skin, and 41% said that melanoma was the least dangerous type of skin cancer. Conclusion: The study showed a lack of knowledge about skin cancer and effective preventive measures and reported the need for urgent educational intervention to raise awareness among the Riyadh adult population

Keywords:
Melanoma, prevention, awareness, adult population, knowledge, skin cancer


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Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020


Authors
Adel Alsenaid
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Salman Haif Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Talal Mohammed Alotaibi
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Sanjay Deshwali
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nujud Muteb Alshammari
College of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Malak Saad Alkhodaid
College of Medicine, Princess Norah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Malak Eid Albalawi
College of Medicine, Princess Norah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Hibah Saad AlAli
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Salman Haif Alotaibi, College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Dawadmi, Saudi Arabia.; Haiff.2211@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Jul 2020
Accepted 16 Jul 2020
Published online 02 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alsenaid A, Alotaibi SH, Alotaibi TM, Deshwali S, Alshammari NM, Alkhodaid MS, Albalawi ME, AlAli HS. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


Web Style

Alsenaid A, Alotaibi SH, Alotaibi TM, Deshwali S, Alshammari NM, Alkhodaid MS, Albalawi ME, AlAli HS. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=35903 [Access: October 25, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsenaid A, Alotaibi SH, Alotaibi TM, Deshwali S, Alshammari NM, Alkhodaid MS, Albalawi ME, AlAli HS. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsenaid A, Alotaibi SH, Alotaibi TM, Deshwali S, Alshammari NM, Alkhodaid MS, Albalawi ME, AlAli HS. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 25, 2020]; 4(9): 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


Harvard Style

Alsenaid, A., Alotaibi, . S. H., Alotaibi, . T. M., Deshwali, . S., Alshammari, . N. M., Alkhodaid, . M. S., Albalawi, . M. E. & AlAli, . H. S. (2020) Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


Turabian Style

Alsenaid, Adel, Salman Haif Alotaibi, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Sanjay Deshwali, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Malak Saad Alkhodaid, Malak Eid Albalawi, and Hibah Saad AlAli. 2020. Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


Chicago Style

Alsenaid, Adel, Salman Haif Alotaibi, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Sanjay Deshwali, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Malak Saad Alkhodaid, Malak Eid Albalawi, and Hibah Saad AlAli. "Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsenaid, Adel, Salman Haif Alotaibi, Talal Mohammed Alotaibi, Sanjay Deshwali, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Malak Saad Alkhodaid, Malak Eid Albalawi, and Hibah Saad AlAli. "Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1397-1403. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsenaid, A., Alotaibi, . S. H., Alotaibi, . T. M., Deshwali, . S., Alshammari, . N. M., Alkhodaid, . M. S., Albalawi, . M. E. & AlAli, . H. S. (2020) Skin cancer knowledge and preventive behaviors among adults in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2020. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1397-1403. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594146496


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