Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1390-1396

The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Elham Ali Alghamdi, Nada Nasser Alkhashlan, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah.

ABSTRACT

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) leads to serious consequences, such as increased hospital stay, cost of treatment, and increased risk of death compared to patients discharged without developing it. A lack of studies on strategies to prevent this infection in the Saudi population led the study group to conduct this study. The present study aims at assessing the epidemiology and factors associated with SSI among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A retrospective study was carried out between March 2015 and June 2020 among hospitalized patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The random sampling technique was employed to collect data from 120 subjects who underwent a surgical operation. Results: Among a total of 120 participants who had surgery in Riyadh in the last 5 years, the incidence of SSI was found as 1.7%. The majority of patients had elective surgeries (93.3%), followed by patients who had general anesthesia (91.7%). The majority of them had ASA score II, and most of them received preoperative prophylaxis antibiotics (84.2%). All patients who had SSI were diabetic or had hyperglycemia (100%). The study found no statistically significant relationship between SSI vs age (p-value ≈ 0.140), wound class (p-value ≈ 0.787), and length of hospital stay (p-value ≈ 0.225). Furthermore, there was no statistically significant relationship between SSI versus comorbidity (p-value ≈ 0.871) and be ing a smoker (p-value ≈ 0.553). Conclusion: In the present study, the majority of patients had a clean surgical site, with most of them were administered with preoperative prophylaxis antibiotics. All patients who had surgical site infection surgical site infection (SSI) were diabetic or had hyperglycemia. There was no statistical relationship between surgical site infection SSI and age, wound class, length of hospital stay, comorbidity, and being a smoker.

Keywords:
Surgical site infection, diabetes, risk factors, causes, epidemiology


View PDF
The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi
Faculty of medicine, Al-Maarefa University, Al Khalidiyah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Elham Ali Alghamdi
Faculty of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nada Nasser Alkhashlan
Faculty of medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
College of Medicine, Al-Maarefa University, Al Khalidiyah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah
Faculty of medicine, Xi'an JiaoTong University, Xi'an, China
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Abdullah Mohammed Alotaibi, Faculty of medicine, Al-Maarefa University, Al Khalidiyah, Saudi Arabia.; practitioner0@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 07 Jul 2020
Accepted 19 Jul 2020
Published online 20 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Alotaibi AM, Alghamdi EA, Alkhashlan NN, Khalifa AFM, Almeftah ZMS. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Web Style

Alotaibi AM, Alghamdi EA, Alkhashlan NN, Khalifa AFM, Almeftah ZMS. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=35564 [Access: October 21, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alotaibi AM, Alghamdi EA, Alkhashlan NN, Khalifa AFM, Almeftah ZMS. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alotaibi AM, Alghamdi EA, Alkhashlan NN, Khalifa AFM, Almeftah ZMS. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 21, 2020]; 4(9): 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Harvard Style

Alotaibi, A. M., Alghamdi, . E. A., Alkhashlan, . N. N., Khalifa, . A. F. M. & Almeftah, . Z. M. S. (2020) The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Turabian Style

Alotaibi, Abdullah Mohammed, Elham Ali Alghamdi, Nada Nasser Alkhashlan, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, and Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah. 2020. The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Chicago Style

Alotaibi, Abdullah Mohammed, Elham Ali Alghamdi, Nada Nasser Alkhashlan, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, and Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah. "The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alotaibi, Abdullah Mohammed, Elham Ali Alghamdi, Nada Nasser Alkhashlan, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa, and Zainab Mohsen Salman Almeftah. "The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1390-1396. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alotaibi, A. M., Alghamdi, . E. A., Alkhashlan, . N. N., Khalifa, . A. F. M. & Almeftah, . Z. M. S. (2020) The epidemiology and factors associated with surgical site infection among patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1390-1396. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1594142811


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2020 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.