Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(9): 34-38

Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016

Authors: Adel Ahadi, Manouchehr Barak, Afshan Sharghi, Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, Maryam Mirzaei.

ABSTRACT

Background: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) (Kala-Azar) is one of the most important health-related parasitic infectious disease. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is an endemic disease in Iran and more than 80 countries worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Infants with VL. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 31 patients with diagnosis of VL in Ardabil city hospital, Iran, during 2011-6. The questionnaire included demographic information such as age, gender, weight, place of living, level of family education, family history of diseases, and symptoms to complete the specified goals. Results: Of all cases, 18 (58.1%) were girls and the rest were boys. The average age of the patients was 25.8 32.3 months. More than half (61.3%) of the patients were in the Moghan County (Ghermi, Parsabad, Aslandooz). Clinical symptoms began in 10 (32.3%) patients in winter. Fever was the most commonly observed clinical symptom in children with VL (93.5%). Of 27 children with a history of symptom onset, 17 children (63%) were diagnosed at the interval of 2-4 weeks. The result of the DAT test was positive in 27 children (87.1%) and the rest were negative. In the clinical presentation of patients, fever, anemia and enlargement of the spleen and liver were common. Conclusion: The use of DAT in combination with clinical symptoms seems to be more suitable for initiating treatment than bone marrow aspiration in all patients.

Keywords:
Visceral Leishmaniasis, epidemiologic, Kala-azar, Ardabil


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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016


Authors
Adel Ahadi
Department of Pediatrics, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
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Manouchehr Barak
Department of Pediatrics, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
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Afshan Sharghi
Department of Community Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
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Mehrdad Mirzarahimi
Department of Pediatrics, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
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Maryam Mirzaei
Department of Pediatrics, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran.
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Correspondence to:
. mehrdad mirzarahimi, Ardabil, Iran; m.mirzarahimi@arums.ac.ir

Publication history
Received 20 Feb 2019
Accepted 02 May 2019
Published online 15 May 2019
Published in print 15 Aug 2019

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Pubmed Style

Ahadi A, Barak M, Sharghi A, Mirzarahimi M, Mirzaei M. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. IJMDC. 2019; 3(9): 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


Web Style

Ahadi A, Barak M, Sharghi A, Mirzarahimi M, Mirzaei M. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=32566 [Access: September 23, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahadi A, Barak M, Sharghi A, Mirzarahimi M, Mirzaei M. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. IJMDC. 2019; 3(9): 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahadi A, Barak M, Sharghi A, Mirzarahimi M, Mirzaei M. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. IJMDC. (2019), [cited September 23, 2019]; 3(9): 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


Harvard Style

Ahadi, A., Barak, . M., Sharghi, . A., Mirzarahimi, . M. & Mirzaei, . M. (2019) Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. IJMDC, 3 (9), 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


Turabian Style

Ahadi, Adel, Manouchehr Barak, Afshan Sharghi, Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, and Maryam Mirzaei. 2019. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (9), 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


Chicago Style

Ahadi, Adel, Manouchehr Barak, Afshan Sharghi, Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, and Maryam Mirzaei. "Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahadi, Adel, Manouchehr Barak, Afshan Sharghi, Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, and Maryam Mirzaei. "Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.9 (2019), 34-38. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahadi, A., Barak, . M., Sharghi, . A., Mirzarahimi, . M. & Mirzaei, . M. (2019) Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of infants with visceral leishmaniasis hospitalized in Ardabil city Hospital during 20112016. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (9), 34-38. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1550649568


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