Original Research

IJMDC. 2017; 1(3): 117-120

Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy

Authors: Zuhirman Zamzami, Riri Yuliasti, Desbi Juananda.

ABSTRACT

Background: Bladder cancer is characterized by painless, gross, and intermittent hematuria. Radiotherapy uses high radiation to destroy cancer cells. This study aimed to find characteristics of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. Methodology: We reviewed medical records of advanced stage bladder cancer patients with radiotherapy in Arifin Achmad Regional General Hospital, Pekanbaru, Riau Province, Indonesia on January 2011–December 2015. Results: There were 70 cases of bladder cancers in which 46 (57%) cases were the advanced stage bladder cancer patients, 80% were men and 31 cases (67%) without lymph node metastasis. In histopathology findings, transitional cell carcinoma was the most (85%) common cases while the others were squamous cell carcinoma (11%) and adenocarcinoma (4%). Of all 46 advanced stage bladder cancer cases, 30 (65.2%) cases were given radiotherapy while 16 (34.8%) cases were without radiotherapy. Conclusion: Bladder cancer is common after prostate cancer and most likely affects male elderly more than women elderly. Radiotherapy is effective against bladder cancer given that it is compatible with the stage of cancer.

Keywords:
Bladder cancer, advanced stage, radiotherapy


View PDF
Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy


Authors
Zuhirman Zamzami
Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University, Kota Pekanbaru, Indonesia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Riri Yuliasti
Department of Radiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University, Indonesia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Desbi Juananda
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Riau University, Indonesia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
Zuhirman Zamzami. Zuhirman Zamzami, Urology Division, Surgery Department, Medical Faculty, Riau University, Indonesia; zuhirman.zamzami@yahoo.com

Publication history
Received 04 Feb 2018
Accepted 21 Feb 2018
Published in print 08 Mar 2018

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Zamzami Z, Yuliasti R, Juananda D. Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. IJMDC. 2017; 1(3): 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Web Style

Zamzami Z, Yuliasti R, Juananda D. Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=290152 [Access: September 21, 2018]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zamzami Z, Yuliasti R, Juananda D. Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. IJMDC. 2017; 1(3): 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zamzami Z, Yuliasti R, Juananda D. Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. IJMDC. (2017), [cited September 21, 2018]; 1(3): 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Harvard Style

Zamzami, Z., Yuliasti, R. & Juananda, D. (2017) Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. IJMDC, 1 (3), 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Turabian Style

Zamzami, Zuhirman, Riri Yuliasti, and Desbi Juananda. 2017. Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 1 (3), 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Chicago Style

Zamzami, Zuhirman, Riri Yuliasti, and Desbi Juananda. "Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 1 (2017), 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zamzami, Zuhirman, Riri Yuliasti, and Desbi Juananda. "Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 1.3 (2017), 117-120. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zamzami, Z., Yuliasti, R. & Juananda, D. (2017) Characteristic of advanced stage bladder cancer managed with radiotherapy. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 1 (3), 117-120. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.1.3.5


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Viewed: 1315
Downloaded: 249
Cited: 0

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ejmcr.com.

Copyright © 2018 Discover Publishing Group. All Rights Reserved.