Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 613-619

The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.

Authors: Hussein Mesfer Alshamrani, Fahad Muqdhib Aldhafeeri, Tariq Walid Alfarwati, Ammar Ziad Abu-Ghararah, Rayan Mohammed Bakhreba, Rashed Hujeel Alotaibi, Ahmad Mohammed Rambo, Mohammed Hassan Qari.

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat is accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. It is recognized currently as a worldwide epidemic causing various chronic disease and high mortality rates. This study aimed at assessing the relationship between body mass index BMI and hospital admission in Saudi ethnicity. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 968 study subjects who visited King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during the month of July 2017. The body measurements were taken. Chi-square, t-test, and one-way ANOVA test were used for statistical analysis of the data. Results: Among the 968 studied subjects, 516 were male subjects and 452 (46.9%) were females. Based on BMI categorization, majority of the subjects 70 (7.2%) were found to be underweight, 298 (30.8%) had normal weight, 310 (32%) were overweight, and 290 (30%) were obese. There was no significant association between BMI and hospital admission among the studied subjects. However, a statistically significant association was found between BMI and admission based on gender difference (p<0.05). The study also revealed that females were more in number than males when admission was evaluated based on gender difference Conclusion: The study signifies the need for further health campaigns to educate the general population on the possible harmful consequences of being obese. Considering the controversy between previous studies on this topic and the present study results, more studies are suggested to be conducted for better conclusive results.

Keywords:
Hospital admission, inpatient, hospitalization, body mass index (BMI), obesity, overweight.


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The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.


Authors
Hussein Mesfer Alshamrani
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Fahad Muqdhib Aldhafeeri
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Tariq Walid Alfarwati
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ammar Ziad Abu-Ghararah
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Rayan Mohammed Bakhreba
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Rashed Hujeel Alotaibi
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Ahmad Mohammed Rambo
King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Hassan Qari
Hematology Consultant, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Hussein.m.edu@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 25 Jan 2019
Accepted 25 Feb 2019
Published in print 04 Apr 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alshamrani HM, Aldhafeeri FM, Alfarwati TW, Abu-Ghararah AZ, Bakhreba RM, Alotaibi RH, Rambo AM, Qari MH. The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


Web Style

Alshamrani HM, Aldhafeeri FM, Alfarwati TW, Abu-Ghararah AZ, Bakhreba RM, Alotaibi RH, Rambo AM, Qari MH. The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=27939 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshamrani HM, Aldhafeeri FM, Alfarwati TW, Abu-Ghararah AZ, Bakhreba RM, Alotaibi RH, Rambo AM, Qari MH. The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshamrani HM, Aldhafeeri FM, Alfarwati TW, Abu-Ghararah AZ, Bakhreba RM, Alotaibi RH, Rambo AM, Qari MH. The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. IJMDC. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 3(7): 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


Harvard Style

Alshamrani, H. M., Aldhafeeri, . F. M., Alfarwati, . T. W., Abu-Ghararah, . A. Z., Bakhreba, . R. M., Alotaibi, . R. H., Rambo, . A. M. & Qari, . M. H. (2019) The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. IJMDC, 3 (7), 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


Turabian Style

Alshamrani, Hussein Mesfer, Fahad Muqdhib Aldhafeeri, Tariq Walid Alfarwati, Ammar Ziad Abu-Ghararah, Rayan Mohammed Bakhreba, Rashed Hujeel Alotaibi, Ahmad Mohammed Rambo, and Mohammed Hassan Qari. 2019. The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


Chicago Style

Alshamrani, Hussein Mesfer, Fahad Muqdhib Aldhafeeri, Tariq Walid Alfarwati, Ammar Ziad Abu-Ghararah, Rayan Mohammed Bakhreba, Rashed Hujeel Alotaibi, Ahmad Mohammed Rambo, and Mohammed Hassan Qari. "The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshamrani, Hussein Mesfer, Fahad Muqdhib Aldhafeeri, Tariq Walid Alfarwati, Ammar Ziad Abu-Ghararah, Rayan Mohammed Bakhreba, Rashed Hujeel Alotaibi, Ahmad Mohammed Rambo, and Mohammed Hassan Qari. "The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.7 (2019), 613-619. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshamrani, H. M., Aldhafeeri, . F. M., Alfarwati, . T. W., Abu-Ghararah, . A. Z., Bakhreba, . R. M., Alotaibi, . R. H., Rambo, . A. M. & Qari, . M. H. (2019) The relationship between body mass index and hospital admission: a cross-sectional study on the Saudi population.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 613-619. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548427506


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