Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 604-608

Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ahmed Futaykhan Alanazi, Abdulaziz Mofareh Alanazi, Mana Saleh Hadi AlGrad, Mohammed Mahdi Owiad AlSuliman, Faisal Saleh Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman Alzammam, Khalid Nadi Alanazi, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Adel Turki Alenezi, Mohammed Abdullah Ali Qurayshah, Jafar Faraj Alamrad, Abdulaziz Matar R Alanazi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is defined as an abnormal heart rhythm characterized by the rapid and irregular beating of the atria. High blood pressure and valvular heart disease are the most common alterable risk factors for AF. The current study aimed to assess the causes and risk factors of atrial fibrillation in AF patients in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia and also to assess the associated morbidity for this condition. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients attending the cardiac center of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia during the period from 1 March to 31 May 2018. Fifty adult AF subjects aged more than 20 years were included in the study. Results: The majority of cases (72%) were males, 68% were aged between 40 to 60 years with a mean age of 49.66.4 (Range 22-76). Obesity was found in 4% of the cases, but 46% were overweight, and 2% were underweight. The majority (70%) of the cases were hypertensive, 64% were diabetic, 16% had heart failure, 4% had valvular heart diseases, 26% had ischemic heart disease, 18% had thyroid dysfunction, 14% had chronic kidney disease, 16% had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and 16% had prior stroke. Smoking was found to be positive in 62% of the cases. Conclusion: Atrial fibrillation was more prevalent in males than females among the subjects attending the cardiac center of Arar. Overweight, hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, ischemic heart disease, thyroid dysfunction, and COPD were risk factors associated with morbidity.

Keywords:
Atrial fibrillation, cardiac center, causes, associated morbidity, Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia.


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Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ahmed Futaykhan Alanazi
Medical student (sixth year), Northern Border University (NBU), Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Mofareh Alanazi
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Mana Saleh Hadi AlGrad
Internal Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University, King Khaled Hospital,Najran, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Mahdi Owiad AlSuliman
Internal Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University, King Khaled Hospital,Najran, Saudi Arabia
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Faisal Saleh Alanazi
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulelah Abdulrhman Alzammam
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Khalid Nadi Alanazi
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari
King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia
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Adel Turki Alenezi
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Abdullah Ali Qurayshah
Internal Medicine Department, King Abdulaziz University, King Khaled Hospital,Najran, Saudi Arabia
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Jafar Faraj Alamrad
Faculty of Medicine, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz Matar R Alanazi
Medical Intern, Northern Border University Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Medical student (sixth year), Northern Border University (NBU), Arar, Saudi Arabia; ahmmad1899@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 25 Jan 2019
Accepted 09 Feb 2019
Published in print 04 Apr 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alanazi AF, Alanazi AM, AlGrad MSH, AlSuliman MMO, Alanazi FS, Alzammam AA, Alanazi KN, Alahmari AH, Alenezi AT, Qurayshah MAA, Alamrad JF, Alanazi AMR, . Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


Web Style

Alanazi AF, Alanazi AM, AlGrad MSH, AlSuliman MMO, Alanazi FS, Alzammam AA, Alanazi KN, Alahmari AH, Alenezi AT, Qurayshah MAA, Alamrad JF, Alanazi AMR, . Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=27856 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alanazi AF, Alanazi AM, AlGrad MSH, AlSuliman MMO, Alanazi FS, Alzammam AA, Alanazi KN, Alahmari AH, Alenezi AT, Qurayshah MAA, Alamrad JF, Alanazi AMR, . Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alanazi AF, Alanazi AM, AlGrad MSH, AlSuliman MMO, Alanazi FS, Alzammam AA, Alanazi KN, Alahmari AH, Alenezi AT, Qurayshah MAA, Alamrad JF, Alanazi AMR, . Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 3(7): 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


Harvard Style

Alanazi, A. F., Alanazi, . A. M., AlGrad, . M. S. H., AlSuliman, . M. M. O., Alanazi, . F. S., Alzammam, . A. A., Alanazi, . K. N., Alahmari, . A. H., Alenezi, . A. T., Qurayshah, . M. A. A., Alamrad, . J. F., Alanazi, . A. M. R. & (2019) Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (7), 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


Turabian Style

Alanazi, Ahmed Futaykhan, Abdulaziz Mofareh Alanazi, Mana Saleh Hadi AlGrad, Mohammed Mahdi Owiad AlSuliman, Faisal Saleh Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman Alzammam, Khalid Nadi Alanazi, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Adel Turki Alenezi, Mohammed Abdullah Ali Qurayshah, Jafar Faraj Alamrad, Abdulaziz Matar R Alanazi, and . 2019. Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


Chicago Style

Alanazi, Ahmed Futaykhan, Abdulaziz Mofareh Alanazi, Mana Saleh Hadi AlGrad, Mohammed Mahdi Owiad AlSuliman, Faisal Saleh Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman Alzammam, Khalid Nadi Alanazi, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Adel Turki Alenezi, Mohammed Abdullah Ali Qurayshah, Jafar Faraj Alamrad, Abdulaziz Matar R Alanazi, and . "Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alanazi, Ahmed Futaykhan, Abdulaziz Mofareh Alanazi, Mana Saleh Hadi AlGrad, Mohammed Mahdi Owiad AlSuliman, Faisal Saleh Alanazi, Abdulelah Abdulrhman Alzammam, Khalid Nadi Alanazi, Alhanouf Hussein Alahmari, Adel Turki Alenezi, Mohammed Abdullah Ali Qurayshah, Jafar Faraj Alamrad, Abdulaziz Matar R Alanazi, and . "Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.7 (2019), 604-608. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alanazi, A. F., Alanazi, . A. M., AlGrad, . M. S. H., AlSuliman, . M. M. O., Alanazi, . F. S., Alzammam, . A. A., Alanazi, . K. N., Alahmari, . A. H., Alenezi, . A. T., Qurayshah, . M. A. A., Alamrad, . J. F., Alanazi, . A. M. R. & (2019) Atrial Fibrillation in patients of Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (7), 604-608. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1548377897


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