Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 10-16

Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Shahad Mohammed Awad Alhazmi, Bayan Abdulkarim Abdullah Alsamaan, Fatimah Saud Furaih Alshammari, Abeer Hassan Elhaj.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear. Hearing loss is the third most prevalent condition among older adults, and it strongly affects the physical and mental health of an individual. Despite these effects, a major part of the older patients remains not assessed or inefficiently treated for hearing loss. The aim of this study was to identify the types and major causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey study was carried out involving 100 individuals. Self-administered questioners were employed and completed by the study subjects. The questionnaire was divided into two sections: demographic information (name, age, gender, and occupation) and information regarding the hearing loss (type, site, and level of hearing loss, the effect on participant's life, symptoms, signs, and the most probable causes). Results: Approximately two-thirds (69%) of the participants had unilateral hearing loss, mainly on the right side (43%). The conductive type of hearing loss was identified in 46% of participants, while sensory neural and mixed disorders were detected in 45% and 9%, respectively. There was a significant association between age, sex, past history of ear infection, trauma, exposure to noise, the presence of hypertension, and rheumatoid arthritis and hearing loss. Most of the study subjects who had bilateral or mixed hearing loss reported adverse effects affecting their daily life. Conclusion: This study calls for the implementation of preventive and protective measures, such as educational campaigns, to enhance individuals’ health motivation addressing their hearing loss, avoiding exposure to risk factors, and seeking proper medical care.

Keywords:
Hearing loss, quality of life, Hail, Saudi Arabia.


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Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Shahad Mohammed Awad Alhazmi
Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Bayan Abdulkarim Abdullah Alsamaan
Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Fatimah Saud Furaih Alshammari
Department of Internal Medicine, King Khalid Hospital, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Abeer Hassan Elhaj
Department of Community Medicine, Sudan Board for Medical Specialties, Khartoum, Sudan
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Correspondence to:
. Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia.; shahadalhazmi780@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 10 Jan 2019
Accepted 22 Mar 2019
Published online 23 May 2019
Published in print 26 Sep 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alhazmi SMA, Alsamaan BAA, Alshammari FSF, Elhaj AH. Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


Web Style

Alhazmi SMA, Alsamaan BAA, Alshammari FSF, Elhaj AH. Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=25506 [Access: October 18, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alhazmi SMA, Alsamaan BAA, Alshammari FSF, Elhaj AH. Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(10): 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alhazmi SMA, Alsamaan BAA, Alshammari FSF, Elhaj AH. Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited October 18, 2019]; 3(10): 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


Harvard Style

Alhazmi, S. M. A., Alsamaan, . B. A. A., Alshammari, . F. S. F. & Elhaj, . A. H. (2019) Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (10), 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


Turabian Style

Alhazmi, Shahad Mohammed Awad, Bayan Abdulkarim Abdullah Alsamaan, Fatimah Saud Furaih Alshammari, and Abeer Hassan Elhaj. 2019. Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


Chicago Style

Alhazmi, Shahad Mohammed Awad, Bayan Abdulkarim Abdullah Alsamaan, Fatimah Saud Furaih Alshammari, and Abeer Hassan Elhaj. "Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alhazmi, Shahad Mohammed Awad, Bayan Abdulkarim Abdullah Alsamaan, Fatimah Saud Furaih Alshammari, and Abeer Hassan Elhaj. "Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.10 (2019), 10-16. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alhazmi, S. M. A., Alsamaan, . B. A. A., Alshammari, . F. S. F. & Elhaj, . A. H. (2019) Causes of hearing loss among adults in Hail region, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (10), 10-16. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547118000


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