Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 669-675

Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Kharifah Mohammad Sherah, Mohamed Waheed Elsharief, Norah Abdullah Abdh Barkat, Aysha Mayed Ali Jafery.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) refers to an inability to control urination during sleep. It is an essential problem for school-age children. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of NE and its associated factors in primary school children studying at Jazan city, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: In this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, 505 male and female children aged between 5-12 years were randomly selected from all grades of 10 public primary schools of Jazan. Questionnaires were completed by the childís parents or guardian at home. The statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) software version 22 and Chi-Square test were used to investigate the relationship between nocturnal enuresis and the variables, logistic regression was applied to model the factors affecting nocturnal enuresis concurrently, considering the significance level of p < 0.05. Results: The results showed that 76.4% of the children had NE, including 52.6% corresponding to the primary type of NE. The prevalence of NE in the boys (79.5%) was non-significantly higher than girls (73.3%). The highest prevalence rate was found in the age group between 9-12- years (85.6%) and the lowest rate was found in 5-year-old (64.0%) subjects with significant difference (p<0.05). There were statistically significant relationships between NE and history of pinworms infestation (p=0.001), no breastfeeding (p=0.017), low school performance (p=0.001) and lower father education (p=0.001). Conclusion: This survey clarified the high prevalence of NE among primary school children aged between 5-12 years in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. Low school performance, pinworms infestation and low educational qualification of the respective fathers were identified as significant risk factors for NE among the studied population.

Keywords:
Nocturnal enuresis, prevalence, risk factors, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.


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Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Kharifah Mohammad Sherah
Pediatrics Department, Prince Mohammad Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Mohamed Waheed Elsharief
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Norah Abdullah Abdh Barkat
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aysha Mayed Ali Jafery
Medical Intern, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Pediatrics Department, Prince Mohammad Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Saudi Arabia. ; kharifahsherah@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 09 Jan 2019
Accepted 20 Mar 2019
Published in print 21 May 2019

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Pubmed Style

Sherah KM, Elsharief MW, Barkat NAA, Jafery AMA. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


Web Style

Sherah KM, Elsharief MW, Barkat NAA, Jafery AMA. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=25434 [Access: June 17, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sherah KM, Elsharief MW, Barkat NAA, Jafery AMA. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sherah KM, Elsharief MW, Barkat NAA, Jafery AMA. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited June 17, 2019]; 3(8): 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


Harvard Style

Sherah, K. M., Elsharief, . M. W., Barkat, . N. A. A. & Jafery, . A. M. A. (2019) Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (8), 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


Turabian Style

Sherah, Kharifah Mohammad, Mohamed Waheed Elsharief, Norah Abdullah Abdh Barkat, and Aysha Mayed Ali Jafery. 2019. Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


Chicago Style

Sherah, Kharifah Mohammad, Mohamed Waheed Elsharief, Norah Abdullah Abdh Barkat, and Aysha Mayed Ali Jafery. "Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sherah, Kharifah Mohammad, Mohamed Waheed Elsharief, Norah Abdullah Abdh Barkat, and Aysha Mayed Ali Jafery. "Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.8 (2019), 669-675. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sherah, K. M., Elsharief, . M. W., Barkat, . N. A. A. & Jafery, . A. M. A. (2019) Prevalence of Nocturnal Enuresis in school-age children in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 669-675. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1547073432


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