Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 663-668

Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.

Authors: Qasem Alalwan, Hisham Al Dossary, Hassan Alsayegh, Maram Alothman.

ABSTRACT

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI), occurs when an external force injures the brain. A Motor vehicle accident is the leading cause of brain trauma or brain injuries. It is one of the major etiologies of morbidity and mortality nationally and internationally occurring in all age groups. Imaging plays an essential role in diagnosing or ruling out TBI. Brain computed tomography (CT) scan is the modality of choice in case of acute brain-related injuries. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is more sensitive and is employed mostly in detecting tiny lesions happening due to TBI. The current study aims at the retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of TBI in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: A retrospective study was conducted at the trauma center in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia during the period from October 2016 to October 2018. The study assessed the demographic data and primary and secondary brain lesion images of the study subjects. Results: The study assessed 487 brain CT- scan images of 382 male and 105 females. The age group between 20-29 years of age was the highest among the assessed brain injury findings (brain CT scans). Brain contusions, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and acute epidural hemorrhage were the common brain injuries found during the study. Brain MRI was conducted for 31 patients among the total studied subjects (487) after a negative brain CT-scan. Conclusion: The study found motor vehicle accidents to be the most common cause of head traumatic injury locally and worldwide. MRI was found to be beneficial in detecting minor lesions in case of TBI.

Keywords:
Traumatic brain injury, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, Al-Ahsa


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Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.


Authors
Qasem Alalwan
Radiology Department, King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hisham Al Dossary
Radiology Department, King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hassan Alsayegh
Radiology Department, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Maram Alothman
Radiology Department, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Radiology Department, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia; has.alsayegh@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 06 Jan 2019
Accepted 09 Mar 2019
Published in print 21 May 2019

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Pubmed Style

Alalwan Q, Dossary HA, Alsayegh H, Alothman M. Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


Web Style

Alalwan Q, Dossary HA, Alsayegh H, Alothman M. Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=24855 [Access: August 20, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alalwan Q, Dossary HA, Alsayegh H, Alothman M. Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alalwan Q, Dossary HA, Alsayegh H, Alothman M. Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC. (2019), [cited August 20, 2019]; 3(8): 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


Harvard Style

Alalwan, Q., Dossary, . H. A., Alsayegh, . H. & Alothman, . M. (2019) Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. IJMDC, 3 (8), 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


Turabian Style

Alalwan, Qasem, Hisham Al Dossary, Hassan Alsayegh, and Maram Alothman. 2019. Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


Chicago Style

Alalwan, Qasem, Hisham Al Dossary, Hassan Alsayegh, and Maram Alothman. "Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alalwan, Qasem, Hisham Al Dossary, Hassan Alsayegh, and Maram Alothman. "Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.8 (2019), 663-668. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alalwan, Q., Dossary, . H. A., Alsayegh, . H. & Alothman, . M. (2019) Cross-sectional imaging of head trauma: a retrospective analysis of the incidence, and imaging findings of traumatic brain injury in King Fahad Hospital, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia.. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 663-668. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1546788085


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