Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 275-279

Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Waad Hameed Altarfawi, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Hadil Anwar Aljaber, Afrah Saleh K. Alanazi, Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan, Maha Thiab Alshbiny, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, Alanoud Saud Almatrafi.

ABSTRACT

Background: Despite the increasing success of immunization systems in Saudi Arabia, concerns about the safety of vaccination have increased. While all immunizations can cause symptoms in a few people, but most symptoms are gentle and do not last longer than a couple of days. Caregivers should be aware of post-vaccination complication that they can give the right care to the child after vaccination and if complications happened. The aim of the study was to describe currently available epidemiological data on the prevalence of post-vaccination complications in the studied population. Methodology: A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted on the general population of Arar city during the period from July to October 2018 to evaluate the prevalence of post-vaccination complications in children among the selected population in a representative sample of Arar city. Results: The total prevalence of post-vaccination complication in children of Arar city was 54.8%. Reported complications were fever, redness, and hotness at the injection site, common cold symptoms, hypersensitivity reaction, abscess at the injection site, gastroenteritis, subcutaneous skin rash or arthritis with a percentage of 18.8, 9.6, 4.8, 2.4, 2.4, 0.7, 1.4, and 0.6, respectively. More than half of the children (57.5%) were males. The age group of the children was from below 6 months to more than 24 months. The majority of the children (47.1%) were from 0 to 6 months in age. Conclusion: The results of the study showed a relatively high prevalence of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar city, Saudi Arabia. Therefore, care should be given to providing caregivers with enough information on how to deal with and give a good level of care to the children.

Keywords:
Vaccination, side effects, immunization, safety


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Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Waad Hameed Altarfawi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nujud Muteb Alshammari
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hadil Anwar Aljaber
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Afrah Saleh K Alanazi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Maha Thiab Alshbiny
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Zuhur Naif Alazmi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alanoud Saud Almatrafi
Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Waad Hameed Altarfaw, Northern Border University, Arar, Saudi Arabia.; wa3d-2@hotmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 23 Dec 2018
Accepted 09 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Altarfawi WH, Alshammari NM, Aljaber HA, Alanazi ASK, Alhamwan KF, Alshbiny MT, Alazmi ZN, Almatrafi AS. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


Web Style

Altarfawi WH, Alshammari NM, Aljaber HA, Alanazi ASK, Alhamwan KF, Alshbiny MT, Alazmi ZN, Almatrafi AS. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=22928 [Access: August 03, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Altarfawi WH, Alshammari NM, Aljaber HA, Alanazi ASK, Alhamwan KF, Alshbiny MT, Alazmi ZN, Almatrafi AS. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(2): 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Altarfawi WH, Alshammari NM, Aljaber HA, Alanazi ASK, Alhamwan KF, Alshbiny MT, Alazmi ZN, Almatrafi AS. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited August 03, 2020]; 4(2): 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


Harvard Style

Altarfawi, W. H., Alshammari, . N. M., Aljaber, . H. A., Alanazi, . A. S. K., Alhamwan, . K. F., Alshbiny, . M. T., Alazmi, . Z. N. & Almatrafi, . A. S. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (2), 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


Turabian Style

Altarfawi, Waad Hameed, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Hadil Anwar Aljaber, Afrah Saleh K. Alanazi, Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan, Maha Thiab Alshbiny, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, and Alanoud Saud Almatrafi. 2020. Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


Chicago Style

Altarfawi, Waad Hameed, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Hadil Anwar Aljaber, Afrah Saleh K. Alanazi, Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan, Maha Thiab Alshbiny, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, and Alanoud Saud Almatrafi. "Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Altarfawi, Waad Hameed, Nujud Muteb Alshammari, Hadil Anwar Aljaber, Afrah Saleh K. Alanazi, Kawthar Fawaz Alhamwan, Maha Thiab Alshbiny, Zuhur Naif Alazmi, and Alanoud Saud Almatrafi. "Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.2 (2020), 275-279. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Altarfawi, W. H., Alshammari, . N. M., Aljaber, . H. A., Alanazi, . A. S. K., Alhamwan, . K. F., Alshbiny, . M. T., Alazmi, . Z. N. & Almatrafi, . A. S. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of post-vaccination complications in children of Arar City, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (2), 275-279. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1545595512


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