Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 10-14

Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Nesriene El Margoushy, Hanouf Abdullah Al Hussini, Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi, Talal Abdullah Mohammad Alzahrani, Abdullah Hassan Almuntashiri, Alwaleed Saeed Ali Aljabir.

ABSTRACT

Background: Baker's asthma is a type of asthma that bakery employees develop after exposure to multiple allergens, including baking flour, wheat, rye, or yeast This study was done to assess the role of work-related symptoms and medical surveillance in detecting occupational Baker's Asthma, its incidence in Taif city in Saudi Arabia, and to detect the underlying causes. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from November 2016 to May 2017. This study included all bakery workers in Taif city. The collected data included subjects' age, diagnosis with baker's asthma, exposure to flour dust, smoking status, eye symptoms, and respiratory tract symptoms. Results: A total of 47 subjects were recruited in this study. The mean±SD age was 37.4±8.7 years. The median years of exposure to flour dust was 6 years. The majority of subjects (n= 40, 85.1%) were non-smokers. only 2 subjects (4.3%) reported experiencing eye symptoms, while 4 subjects (8.5%) reported experiencing upper respiratory tract symptoms. In this sample population, none of the subjects were diagnosed with baker's asthma. Upper respiratory tract symptoms were found to be significantly more prevalent (p= 0.004) in subjects with severe exposure to flour dust (100%), than subjects with minimal (7.1%) and moderate exposure (5.6%). No statistically significant association was found between upper respiratory tract symptoms and each of smoking, eye symptoms, age, and years of exposure to flour dust. Conclusion: Due to sample size limitations, further studies are encouraged to investigate baker's asthma in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:
Backer's asthma, respiratory, medical surveillance, respiratory, occupational asthma


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Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Nesriene El Margoushy
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hanouf Abdullah Al Hussini
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Talal Abdullah Mohammad Alzahrani
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdullah Hassan Almuntashiri
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Alwaleed Saeed Ali Aljabir
Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi, Faculty of Medicine, Taif University, Taif, Saudi Arabia; kalgurashi1@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 10 Dec 2018
Accepted 24 Dec 2018
Published in print 01 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Margoushy NE, Hussini HAA, Alqurashi KA, Alzahrani TAM, Almuntashiri AH, Aljabir ASA. Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


Web Style

Margoushy NE, Hussini HAA, Alqurashi KA, Alzahrani TAM, Almuntashiri AH, Aljabir ASA. Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=21108 [Access: July 23, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Margoushy NE, Hussini HAA, Alqurashi KA, Alzahrani TAM, Almuntashiri AH, Aljabir ASA. Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Margoushy NE, Hussini HAA, Alqurashi KA, Alzahrani TAM, Almuntashiri AH, Aljabir ASA. Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited July 23, 2019]; 3(1): 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


Harvard Style

Margoushy, N. E., Hussini, . H. A. A., Alqurashi, . K. A., Alzahrani, . T. A. M., Almuntashiri, . A. H. & Aljabir, . A. S. A. (2019) Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (1), 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


Turabian Style

Margoushy, Nesriene El, Hanouf Abdullah Al Hussini, Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi, Talal Abdullah Mohammad Alzahrani, Abdullah Hassan Almuntashiri, and Alwaleed Saeed Ali Aljabir. 2019. Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


Chicago Style

Margoushy, Nesriene El, Hanouf Abdullah Al Hussini, Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi, Talal Abdullah Mohammad Alzahrani, Abdullah Hassan Almuntashiri, and Alwaleed Saeed Ali Aljabir. "Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Margoushy, Nesriene El, Hanouf Abdullah Al Hussini, Khaled Abdullah Alqurashi, Talal Abdullah Mohammad Alzahrani, Abdullah Hassan Almuntashiri, and Alwaleed Saeed Ali Aljabir. "Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.1 (2019), 10-14. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Margoushy, N. E., Hussini, . H. A. A., Alqurashi, . K. A., Alzahrani, . T. A. M., Almuntashiri, . A. H. & Aljabir, . A. S. A. (2019) Role of medical surveillance in detecting Baker's Asthma in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 10-14. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1544484036


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