Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 654-658

Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Montasir Esam Moamena, Hayfaa Mirghani Ahmed, Motasim Esam Moamena, Zahra Saeed Alduhilib, Nameer Mohammed Alshinqeeti, Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid..

ABSTRACT

Background: The deficiency of vitamin D has been associated with an increased risk of asthma. However, its relation with asthma severity or prognosis is not yet established especially among adults. Methodology: The cross-sectional study included 162 Saudi adults with bronchial asthma selected by a non-probability consecutive sampling from Ibn Sina National College Hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from December 2017 to February 2018. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and a baseline spirometry. Assessment of asthma control test (ACT) was done according to GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) guidelines. The 25-hydroxyvitamin D 25(OH) D) was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test. Results: The patients had a median ACT score of 19 (partially controlled asthma) with 48.1% controlled asthma and 22% increased the risk of future exacerbations. The median 25(OH) D was deficient (31.18nmol/L) (34% insufficiency and 66% deficiency). There was a significant positive correlation between vitamin D and ACT (r=0.91, p=0.000). Asthmatics with future exacerbation had lower 25(OH) D level (p=0.000) with more prevalence vitamin D deficiency (94.4%) Conclusion: Saudi adults with partially uncontrolled asthma had deficient vitamin D level especially those at risk of future exacerbation. The association between ACT and vitamin D in the absence of any association with respiratory function could reflect the importance of low vitamin D as a marker of severity. Further clinical trials are needed to explore the possible cause and effect relationship.

Keywords:
Vitamin D, 25-hydroxy Vitamin D, asthma, ACT


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Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Montasir Esam Moamena
Intern, College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
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Hayfaa Mirghani Ahmed
Intern, College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
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Motasim Esam Moamena
Medical student, College of Medicine Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
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Zahra Saeed Alduhilib
Intern, College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
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Nameer Mohammed Alshinqeeti
Intern, College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia
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Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Saudi Arabia.
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Correspondence to:
. College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; hanaa1974.abuzeid@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 01 Dec 2018
Accepted 08 Apr 2019
Published in print 21 May 2019

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Pubmed Style

Moamena ME, Ahmed HM, Moamena ME, Alduhilib ZS, Alshinqeeti NM, Abozeid. HE. Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


Web Style

Moamena ME, Ahmed HM, Moamena ME, Alduhilib ZS, Alshinqeeti NM, Abozeid. HE. Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=19700 [Access: June 17, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Moamena ME, Ahmed HM, Moamena ME, Alduhilib ZS, Alshinqeeti NM, Abozeid. HE. Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(8): 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Moamena ME, Ahmed HM, Moamena ME, Alduhilib ZS, Alshinqeeti NM, Abozeid. HE. Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited June 17, 2019]; 3(8): 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


Harvard Style

Moamena, M. E., Ahmed, . H. M., Moamena, . M. E., Alduhilib, . Z. S., Alshinqeeti, . N. M. & Abozeid., . H. E. (2019) Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (8), 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


Turabian Style

Moamena, Montasir Esam, Hayfaa Mirghani Ahmed, Motasim Esam Moamena, Zahra Saeed Alduhilib, Nameer Mohammed Alshinqeeti, and Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid.. 2019. Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


Chicago Style

Moamena, Montasir Esam, Hayfaa Mirghani Ahmed, Motasim Esam Moamena, Zahra Saeed Alduhilib, Nameer Mohammed Alshinqeeti, and Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid.. "Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Moamena, Montasir Esam, Hayfaa Mirghani Ahmed, Motasim Esam Moamena, Zahra Saeed Alduhilib, Nameer Mohammed Alshinqeeti, and Hanaa Elsayed Abozeid.. "Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.8 (2019), 654-658. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Moamena, M. E., Ahmed, . H. M., Moamena, . M. E., Alduhilib, . Z. S., Alshinqeeti, . N. M. & Abozeid., . H. E. (2019) Association between Vitamin D deficiency and Asthma control test in adults: A cross-sectional study in a college hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (8), 654-658. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1543646262


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