Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 83-89

The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Eman Mohammed Aljohani, Aida Abdulrahman Aldughaither.

ABSTRACT

Background: Insomnia can affect daily life, and it can result in poor job performance and decrease the quality of life. Using sleeping pills is common among the adult population either due to psychological or physiological causes. This study was done to assess the prevalence of sleeping pills and associated factors among primary care patients. Methodology: A Cross-sectional study was conducted in Primary Health Care Centers between August 2015 to July 2016. A total of 320 Saudi adults of both genders were included using a convenience sampling method. A self-administered questionnaire was utilized for data collection. The questionnaire consisted of questions about demographics, factors associated with the use of sleeping pills, knowledge, and practice of patients regarding sleeping pills use. Results: The study that out of 320 participants, 41 (12.81%) used sleeping pills. 90.2% of the users did not have prescriptions. The use of sleeping pills was significantly increased by being married (51.2%) (p-value 0.001), presence of sleeping difficulties (92.7%) (p-value 0.000) and presence of life stressors (75.6%) (P-value 0.000). Total 167 participants (52.2%) had sleep difficulties of whom 98 participants (30.6%) had frequent awakenings from sleep, sleep was non-refreshing for 46 participants (14. 4%) and 41 (12.8%) had difficulty in initiating sleep. The majority of participants had good knowledge about sleeping pills effect and their use. Conclusion: The prevalence of using sleeping pills among Saudi adults is not common. Further studies with large sample size are needed to study this issue in details.

Keywords:
sleeping pills; primary care patients; over the counter medication; prescription


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The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Eman Mohammed Aljohani
Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Aida Abdulrahman Aldughaither
Department of Family Medicine and PHC, King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Eman MohammedAljohani, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; emanaljohani.ea@gmail.com

Publication history
Published online 01 Jan 1970
Received 22 Oct 2018
Accepted 11 Dec 2018
Published in print 01 Feb 2019

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Pubmed Style

Aljohani EM, Aldughaither AA. The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


Web Style

Aljohani EM, Aldughaither AA. The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=13841 [Access: April 22, 2019]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Aljohani EM, Aldughaither AA. The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2019; 3(1): 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Aljohani EM, Aldughaither AA. The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2019), [cited April 22, 2019]; 3(1): 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


Harvard Style

Aljohani, E. M. & Aldughaither, . A. A. (2019) The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 3 (1), 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


Turabian Style

Aljohani, Eman Mohammed, and Aida Abdulrahman Aldughaither. 2019. The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


Chicago Style

Aljohani, Eman Mohammed, and Aida Abdulrahman Aldughaither. "The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3 (2019), 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Aljohani, Eman Mohammed, and Aida Abdulrahman Aldughaither. "The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 3.1 (2019), 83-89. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Aljohani, E. M. & Aldughaither, . A. A. (2019) The prevalence of sleeping pills and factors associated with their use among primary care patients, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 3 (1), 83-89. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1540241873


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