Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1572-1578

Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Sami Algaidi, Ameen Tajuddin, Ghadeer Almuhanna, Raneem Lamfoon, Shahad Alobaidy, Aziza Alameen, Mohammed Qrimli.

ABSTRACT

Background: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon type of cerebrovascular disease. It is a partial/ complete occlusion of the dural sinuses/cortical veins. This research aims to study the characteristics and presentations of CVT patients in Medina, Saudi Arabia, and to identify the seasonal variation factor associated with it. Methodology: Fifty-five cases of CVT were identified using medical records from King Fahad Hospital in Medina, Saudi Arabia, from January 2015 to December 2019. Data were analyzed retrospectively and compared to local and international studies published previously. Results: Among the total subjects studied, 55 patients, 70.9% were female and 29.1% were male, with a mean age of 38.2 and 36.3, respectively. The most commonly observed characteristics were iron deficiency anemia (IDA) (41.8%) and infections (20.8%). CVT was higher in spring (33.3%), followed by summer (27.4%), with June having the highest frequency (15.7%). The most common presentations were headache (68.6%) and focal neurological defects (41.2%). Radiological findings showed superior sagittal sinus (70%), followed by transverse sinus (56%) as the most common sites occlusion. Conclusion: Patient demographic and clinical presentation were similar to the previous studies. IDA was the most common patient characteristic, followed by infections and use of oral contraceptive pills. The highest frequencies were observed in the spring and summer seasons.

Keywords:
Cerebral Venous Thrombosis, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Clinical Presentation, Season


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Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Sami Algaidi
Anatomy Department, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Ameen Tajuddin
Neurology Department, King Fahad Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Ghadeer Almuhanna
Medical College, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Raneem Lamfoon
Medical College, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Shahad Alobaidy
Medical College, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Aziza Alameen
Medical College, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Mohammed Qrimli
Neurology Department, National Gard Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Ameen Tajuddin, Neurology Department, King Fahad Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia.; Ameen.taj@windowslive.com

Publication history
Received 14 Aug 2020
Accepted 26 Aug 2020
Published online 11 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

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Pubmed Style

Algaidi S, Tajuddin A, Almuhanna G, Lamfoon R, Alobaidy S, Alameen A, Qrimli M. Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


Web Style

Algaidi S, Tajuddin A, Almuhanna G, Lamfoon R, Alobaidy S, Alameen A, Qrimli M. Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=125147 [Access: November 26, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Algaidi S, Tajuddin A, Almuhanna G, Lamfoon R, Alobaidy S, Alameen A, Qrimli M. Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Algaidi S, Tajuddin A, Almuhanna G, Lamfoon R, Alobaidy S, Alameen A, Qrimli M. Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 26, 2020]; 4(10): 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


Harvard Style

Algaidi, S., Tajuddin, . A., Almuhanna, . G., Lamfoon, . R., Alobaidy, . S., Alameen, . A. & Qrimli, . M. (2020) Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


Turabian Style

Algaidi, Sami, Ameen Tajuddin, Ghadeer Almuhanna, Raneem Lamfoon, Shahad Alobaidy, Aziza Alameen, and Mohammed Qrimli. 2020. Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


Chicago Style

Algaidi, Sami, Ameen Tajuddin, Ghadeer Almuhanna, Raneem Lamfoon, Shahad Alobaidy, Aziza Alameen, and Mohammed Qrimli. "Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Algaidi, Sami, Ameen Tajuddin, Ghadeer Almuhanna, Raneem Lamfoon, Shahad Alobaidy, Aziza Alameen, and Mohammed Qrimli. "Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1572-1578. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Algaidi, S., Tajuddin, . A., Almuhanna, . G., Lamfoon, . R., Alobaidy, . S., Alameen, . A. & Qrimli, . M. (2020) Cerebral venous thrombosis: an overview on patients' characteristics and seasonal variation in Medina, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1572-1578. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597333010


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