Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1561-1571

Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Ali Alsaad, Mohammed AlHewishel, Hussain Alghadeer, Hassan Ahmed A Alsahaf, Muntather ALHejji, Kawthar Boumarah, Noor Alosaif.

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging infectious disease that began in December 2019 in China, leading to a worldwide public health emergency crisis of global concern, a burden on the health sectors, and a significant challenge for psychological flexibility. This study aimed to determine and assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia for early intervention to help the population cope with and reduce such responses. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Saudi Arabia citizens and residents during the pandemic of COVID-19 from June 7 to 21, 2020. An online questionnaire did the assessment. The questionnaire focused on sociodemographic data, physical symptoms in the past 14 days, previous diagnosis with COVID-19, being in quarantine, history of contact with a COVID-19 infected person, and mental health status that was assessed by the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Results: A total of 1,413 participants voluntarily filled the questionnaire; however, only 1,311 fulfilled the criteria and were included in this study. The majority of the participants were normal. The gender, residency, and marital status were significantly associated with all DASS-21 subscales. The age and employment status were significantly related to DASS-21 depression and stress subscales. Nationality was significantly associated with both DASS-21 anxiety and stress subscales. Nevertheless, being diagnosed with COVID-19 or having close contact with an individual who was a confirmed case of COVID-19 infection was not significantly associated. Conclusion: Our results suggest that participants who have depression, anxiety, and stress need to be identified and addressed. To better cope and manage psychological distress related to COVID-19 pandemic, psychological interventions should be provided via telemedicine due to social distancing and broader coverage.

Keywords:
COVID-19, psychological responses.


View PDF
Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia


Authors
Ali Alsaad
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mohammed AlHewishel
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hussain Alghadeer
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Hassan Ahmed A Alsahaf
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Muntather ALHejji
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Kawthar Boumarah
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Noor Alosaif
Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Mohammed AlHewishel, Department of Psychology, King Faisal University, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia; malhewishel@gmail.com

Publication history
Received 16 Aug 2020
Accepted 26 Aug 2020
Published online 03 Sep 2020
Published in print 11 Oct 2020

How to cite this article?

Export to EndNote Export to refMan

Pubmed Style

Alsaad A, AlHewishel M, Alghadeer H, Alsahaf HAA, ALHejji M, Boumarah K, Alosaif N. Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Web Style

Alsaad A, AlHewishel M, Alghadeer H, Alsahaf HAA, ALHejji M, Boumarah K, Alosaif N. Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=124950 [Access: November 24, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsaad A, AlHewishel M, Alghadeer H, Alsahaf HAA, ALHejji M, Boumarah K, Alosaif N. Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(10): 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsaad A, AlHewishel M, Alghadeer H, Alsahaf HAA, ALHejji M, Boumarah K, Alosaif N. Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited November 24, 2020]; 4(10): 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Harvard Style

Alsaad, A., AlHewishel, . M., Alghadeer, . H., Alsahaf, . H. A. A., ALHejji, . M., Boumarah, . K. & Alosaif, . N. (2020) Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (10), 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Turabian Style

Alsaad, Ali, Mohammed AlHewishel, Hussain Alghadeer, Hassan Ahmed A Alsahaf, Muntather ALHejji, Kawthar Boumarah, and Noor Alosaif. 2020. Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Chicago Style

Alsaad, Ali, Mohammed AlHewishel, Hussain Alghadeer, Hassan Ahmed A Alsahaf, Muntather ALHejji, Kawthar Boumarah, and Noor Alosaif. "Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsaad, Ali, Mohammed AlHewishel, Hussain Alghadeer, Hassan Ahmed A Alsahaf, Muntather ALHejji, Kawthar Boumarah, and Noor Alosaif. "Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.10 (2020), 1561-1571. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsaad, A., AlHewishel, . M., Alghadeer, . H., Alsahaf, . H. A. A., ALHejji, . M., Boumarah, . K. & Alosaif, . N. (2020) Psychological Responses and Associated Factors of COVID-19 Among General Public in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (10), 1561-1571. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1597303012


Share this article

Click the icon of the social media platform on which you would like to share this article.

Article Statistics

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any part or all of this article please contact the copyright holder, contact@ijmdc.com.

Copyright ©2020 Discover STM Publishing. All Rights Reserved.