Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1476-1481

Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents

Authors: Sultan Alshammari, Mansour Albagami, Khalid Alanazi, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Abdulaziz AlTamimi, Rakan Aladwanie, Ahmed alshammery, Faisal Aldughaim, Nasser Aldosari, Faisal Alshunaibir, Abdulrahman Alessa, Feras Sarhan, Abdulelah Alqahtani, Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa.

ABSTRACT

Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a common multisystem hereditary blood disorder in Saudi Arabia, with a variable prevalence from one area to another. Current epidemiological information about the condition focuses on some specific areas, with a lack of true incidence in the country. This study aimed to assess the awareness regarding sickle cell anemia, its risk factors (RF), symptoms, prevention, and its management among Riyadh residents. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in primary healthcare centers, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, employing a self-administered and a pretested questionnaire developed after considering the previously published reviews and opinions from epidemiological experts. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences v23. A p-value of 0.05 or less was considered significant. Result: We had 200 participants involved in this study; among them, 11.5% (n = 23) had SCD. We found that the general level of awareness was higher regarding RF, prevention, management, and lower symptom identification of SCD. We also found that the level of knowledge regarding SCD RF was high in 72% (n = 144), and was poor regarding the awareness of SCD symptoms (63%; n = 125). There was a statistically significant association between management and both genders (p = 0.03), while no significant association was found between different education levels and awareness of SCD (p > 0.1). Conclusion: Overall, the level of awareness regarding SCD was low, with limited understanding of SCD; however, there was an association between gender and the level of awareness. We conclude that there is a need to increase public awareness about SCD which could address the misconceptions and increase knowledge among the general public.

Keywords:
Sickle cell disease, sickle cell anemia, sickle cell trait, SCD, awareness, Riyadh


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Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents


Authors
Sultan Alshammari
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Mansour Albagami
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Khalid Alanazi
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Yasser Ghazi Alarimah
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulaziz AlTamimi
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Rakan Aladwanie
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed alshammery
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Aldughaim
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Nasser Aldosari
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Faisal Alshunaibir
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Alessa
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Feras Sarhan
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Abdulelah Alqahtani
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa
College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
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Correspondence to:
. Sultan Alshammari, College of Medicine, AlMaarefa University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.; Su.ltan86@hotmail.com

Publication history
Received 06 Aug 2020
Accepted 16 Aug 2020
Published online 21 Aug 2020
Published in print 08 Sep 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alshammari S, Albagami M, Alanazi K, Alarimah YG, AlTamimi A, Aladwanie R, alshammery A, Aldughaim F, Aldosari N, Alshunaibir F, Alessa A, Sarhan F, Alqahtani A, Khalifa AFM. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


Web Style

Alshammari S, Albagami M, Alanazi K, Alarimah YG, AlTamimi A, Aladwanie R, alshammery A, Aldughaim F, Aldosari N, Alshunaibir F, Alessa A, Sarhan F, Alqahtani A, Khalifa AFM. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=121975 [Access: October 21, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alshammari S, Albagami M, Alanazi K, Alarimah YG, AlTamimi A, Aladwanie R, alshammery A, Aldughaim F, Aldosari N, Alshunaibir F, Alessa A, Sarhan F, Alqahtani A, Khalifa AFM. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. IJMDC. 2020; 4(9): 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alshammari S, Albagami M, Alanazi K, Alarimah YG, AlTamimi A, Aladwanie R, alshammery A, Aldughaim F, Aldosari N, Alshunaibir F, Alessa A, Sarhan F, Alqahtani A, Khalifa AFM. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. IJMDC. (2020), [cited October 21, 2020]; 4(9): 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


Harvard Style

Alshammari, S., Albagami, . M., Alanazi, . K., Alarimah, . Y. G., AlTamimi, . A., Aladwanie, . R., alshammery, . A., Aldughaim, . F., Aldosari, . N., Alshunaibir, . F., Alessa, . A., Sarhan, . F., Alqahtani, . A. & Khalifa, . A. F. M. (2020) Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. IJMDC, 4 (9), 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


Turabian Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Mansour Albagami, Khalid Alanazi, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Abdulaziz AlTamimi, Rakan Aladwanie, Ahmed alshammery, Faisal Aldughaim, Nasser Aldosari, Faisal Alshunaibir, Abdulrahman Alessa, Feras Sarhan, Abdulelah Alqahtani, and Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa. 2020. Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


Chicago Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Mansour Albagami, Khalid Alanazi, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Abdulaziz AlTamimi, Rakan Aladwanie, Ahmed alshammery, Faisal Aldughaim, Nasser Aldosari, Faisal Alshunaibir, Abdulrahman Alessa, Feras Sarhan, Abdulelah Alqahtani, and Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa. "Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alshammari, Sultan, Mansour Albagami, Khalid Alanazi, Yasser Ghazi Alarimah, Abdulaziz AlTamimi, Rakan Aladwanie, Ahmed alshammery, Faisal Aldughaim, Nasser Aldosari, Faisal Alshunaibir, Abdulrahman Alessa, Feras Sarhan, Abdulelah Alqahtani, and Amar Fathi Mohamed Khalifa. "Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.9 (2020), 1476-1481. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alshammari, S., Albagami, . M., Alanazi, . K., Alarimah, . Y. G., AlTamimi, . A., Aladwanie, . R., alshammery, . A., Aldughaim, . F., Aldosari, . N., Alshunaibir, . F., Alessa, . A., Sarhan, . F., Alqahtani, . A. & Khalifa, . A. F. M. (2020) Level of awareness regarding sickle cell anemia among Riyadh residents. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (9), 1476-1481. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1596719349


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