Original Article

IJMDC. 2020; 4(6): 989-995

Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia

Authors: Fai Mohammed Alfayyadh, Amir Mohamed Abdalla Alsouli, Abdulrahman Ibrahim A. Alnasser, Ahmed Mohammed A. Alfayyadh.

ABSTRACT

Background: Vitamin D is an essential component for maintaining and establishing body function. It is synthesized in the skin from the sunlight or is obtained from dietary supplements especially fatty fish. Vitamin D deficiency affects the majority of body functions; bone health is one among them that is majorly affected. This study aims to assess the vitamin D deficiency awareness among the medical students at Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. Methodology: This is an observational cross-sectional study conducted among the medical students at Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, in the Al-Qassim province of Saudi Arabia. A self-administered, multiple-choice questionnaire was distributed among the medical students of the first-year level to the fifth-year level. Data were tabulated in Microsoft Excel and the analyses of data were carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 21. Results: The mean awareness score was 9.53 (standard deviation: 2.14) out of 15 points, with poor and good awareness identified among 51.2% and 48.8% of the medical students, respectively. The most commonly known diseases attributed to vitamin D deficiency was rickets (80.7%), followed by osteomalacia (79%), while the most frequently cited foods rich in vitamin D included dairy products such as milk and cheese (74.2%) and fatty fish like tuna (49.8%). When assessing the factors associated with awareness, only increasing age showed significant influence with better awareness (T = -2.618; p = 0.040). Conclusion: Moderate awareness was found among the medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. Increasing age and being a sophomore medical student were the significant predictors of better awareness of vitamin D deficiency.

Keywords:
Vitamin D deficiency, medical students, awareness, Unaizah.


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Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia


Authors
Fai Mohammed Alfayyadh
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Amir Mohamed Abdalla Alsouli
College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Al- Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Abdulrahman Ibrahim A Alnasser
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles

Ahmed Mohammed A Alfayyadh
Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.
PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles


Correspondence to:
. Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia.; fai_Alfayyadh@outlook.com

Publication history
Received 10 May 2020
Accepted 26 May 2020
Published online 12 Jun 2020
Published in print 25 Jun 2020

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Pubmed Style

Alfayyadh FM, Alsouli AMA, Alnasser AIA, Alfayyadh AMA. Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(6): 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


Web Style

Alfayyadh FM, Alsouli AMA, Alnasser AIA, Alfayyadh AMA. Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. http://www.ijmdc.com/?mno=106219 [Access: July 14, 2020]. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfayyadh FM, Alsouli AMA, Alnasser AIA, Alfayyadh AMA. Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. 2020; 4(6): 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfayyadh FM, Alsouli AMA, Alnasser AIA, Alfayyadh AMA. Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC. (2020), [cited July 14, 2020]; 4(6): 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


Harvard Style

Alfayyadh, F. M., Alsouli, . A. M. A., Alnasser, . A. I. A. & Alfayyadh, . A. M. A. (2020) Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. IJMDC, 4 (6), 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


Turabian Style

Alfayyadh, Fai Mohammed, Amir Mohamed Abdalla Alsouli, Abdulrahman Ibrahim A. Alnasser, and Ahmed Mohammed A. Alfayyadh. 2020. Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (6), 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


Chicago Style

Alfayyadh, Fai Mohammed, Amir Mohamed Abdalla Alsouli, Abdulrahman Ibrahim A. Alnasser, and Ahmed Mohammed A. Alfayyadh. "Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4 (2020), 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfayyadh, Fai Mohammed, Amir Mohamed Abdalla Alsouli, Abdulrahman Ibrahim A. Alnasser, and Ahmed Mohammed A. Alfayyadh. "Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries 4.6 (2020), 989-995. Print. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfayyadh, F. M., Alsouli, . A. M. A., Alnasser, . A. I. A. & Alfayyadh, . A. M. A. (2020) Vitamin D deficiency awareness among medical students of Unaizah College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medicine in Developing Countries, 4 (6), 989-995. doi:10.24911/IJMDC.51-1589138216


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